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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Date Range
2004 2020


Over 35% of multiracial college students fail to earn a degree, which can have significant economic and health costs over their lifespan. This study aimed to better understand college and psychological adjustment among multiracial college students of Hispanic/Latinx and White non-Hispanic descent by examining students’ racial identities and use of resilience resources. Latent profiles of identity were identified to better understand how different aspects of racial identity are clustered in this population. Multiracial college students (N=221) reported on racial identity as measured on multiple dimensions: Hispanic/Latinx identity, Hispanic/Latinx cultural orientation, White identity, identity integration, shifting expressions of identity, and identity …

Contributors
Jewell, Shannon, Luecken, Linda J, Jackson, Kelly, et al.
Created Date
2020

Chronic diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer are leading causes of death in the United States. Although they result from a host of personal and environmental factors, diet remains a critical way to reduce the risk. Plant-based diets in particular are associated with reduction in risk for chronic disease due to an intake that closely mirrors the Dietary Guidelines for fruit and vegetable consumption, fiber, and fat intake. Additionally, plant-based diets offer a sustainable alternative in relation to food production as they often require fewer natural resources overall. While there are many benefits to following a plant-based diet, …

Contributors
Incollingo, April, Wharton, Christopher, Johnston, Carol, et al.
Created Date
2020

Traditional autonomy within clinical supervision was reinterpreted by incorporating culturally-encompassing autonomy types (individuating and relating autonomy) from the dual autonomy scale. The relations of vertical collectivism and autonomy measures were examined. Lastly, potential moderating effects of vertical collectivism on experience level and autonomy were assessed. The sample consisted of 404 counseling trainees enrolled in graduate programs across the US, aged between 21 and 68. Results from the confirmatory factor analysis supported the proposed two-factor structure of individuating and relating autonomy among counseling trainees for the adapted dual autonomy scale. Results indicated that individuating autonomy was moderately correlated with relating and …

Contributors
Shi, Yue, Tracey, Terence, Bludworth, James, et al.
Created Date
2020

Self-control has been shown to be an important influence behind a variety of risk and protective behaviors, such as substance abuse. Although prior research points to the existence of multiple dimensions of self-control, this concept is not consistently defined and frequently only studied as a conglomerate in clinical research. The current study sought to examine how two experimental manipulations of subcomponents of self-control (motivation and self-efficacy) affect real-world consumptive behavior after accounting for executive function. Additionally, the validity and reliability of a brief state survey measure of perceived self-control capacity, internal motivation, and external motivation was tested. The goal was …

Contributors
Papova, Anna, Corbin, William R, Brewer, Gene, et al.
Created Date
2020

The construct of adult emotional intelligence has gained increasing attention over the last 15 years given its significant socioemotional implications for the ability to label, understand, and regulate emotions. There is a gap, however, in understanding how emotional intelligence develops in children. Parenting is one of the most salient predictors of children’s behavior and the current study investigated its prospective link to children’s emotional intelligence. More preceisely, this study took a differentiated approach to parenting by examining the distinct contributions of maternal sensitivity and emotion socialization to children’s emotional intelligence. In addition, executive function, considered a “conductor” of higher-order skills …

Contributors
Ross, Emily, Crnic, Keith, Luecken, Linda, et al.
Created Date
2020

Healthy lifestyle behaviors including quality nutrition have been shown to successfully prevent chronic disease or minimize symptoms. However, many physicians lack the knowledge and skills to provide adequate nutrition counseling and education for their patients. A major component of this problem is that medical schools are not required to teach nutrition education. The purpose of this feasibility study was to compare the changes in the perceived importance of nutrition in the medical field in medical students before and after participating in a week-long interactive nutrition course in order to determine if a week-long course can positively influence students’ perceptions of …

Contributors
Baum, Makenna, Johnston, Carol, Levinson, Simin, et al.
Created Date
2020

In this study, I investigated supervisory practices (i.e., structure and facilitation) when training therapists of differing levels of experience and self-efficacy are working with clients presenting with varying levels of suicidal risk (i.e., low or high). While previous research has supported that trainees need and want less structure and direction from their supervisors and become more self-efficacious as they gain more experience, this same assumption may not hold for crisis situations, such as when clients present with suicidal risk. To examine how trainees rate the quality of clinical supervision when working with clients presented with varying levels of suicidal risk, …

Contributors
Holzapfel, Jenny, Tracey, Terence J.G., Bludworth, James, et al.
Created Date
2020

The traditional access control system suffers from the problem of separation of data ownership and management. It poses data security issues in application scenarios such as cloud computing and blockchain where the data owners either do not trust the data storage provider or even do not know who would have access to their data once they are appended to the chain. In these scenarios, the data owner actually loses control of the data once they are uploaded to the outside storage. Encryption-before-uploading is the way to solve this issue, however traditional encryption schemes such as AES, RSA, ECC, bring about …

Contributors
Dong, Qiuxiang, Huang, Dijiang, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2020

Computer science education is an increasingly vital area of study with various challenges that increase the difficulty level for new students resulting in higher attrition rates. As part of an effort to resolve this issue, a new visual programming language environment was developed for this research, the Visual IoT and Robotics Programming Language Environment (VIPLE). VIPLE is based on computational thinking and flowchart, which reduces the needs of memorization of detailed syntax in text-based programming languages. VIPLE has been used at Arizona State University (ASU) in multiple years and sections of FSE100 as well as in universities worldwide. Another major …

Contributors
De Luca, Gennaro, Chen, Yinong, Liu, Huan, et al.
Created Date
2020

There were two primary goals of this study, the first of which was to replicate previously established curvilinear associations between school affluence and substance use, while assessing potential relations between socioeconomic status (SES) and academic success during the transition to college. The second goal of this study was to establish patterns of perceived parenting factors in order to assess predictive value of such latent profiles with respect to student outcomes relevant to wellbeing and retention in college. Results indicated that substance use was, in fact, associated in a “U-shaped,” curvilinear fashion with high school affluence. Additionally, students grouped into three …

Contributors
Small, Phillip, Luthar, Suniya S, Infurna, Frank J, et al.
Created Date
2019

Vision processing on traditional architectures is inefficient due to energy-expensive off-chip data movements. Many researchers advocate pushing processing close to the sensor to substantially reduce data movements. However, continuous near-sensor processing raises the sensor temperature, impairing the fidelity of imaging/vision tasks. The work characterizes the thermal implications of using 3D stacked image sensors with near-sensor vision processing units. The characterization reveals that near-sensor processing reduces system power but degrades image quality. For reasonable image fidelity, the sensor temperature needs to stay below a threshold, situationally determined by application needs. Fortunately, the characterization also identifies opportunities -- unique to the needs …

Contributors
Kodukula, Venkatesh, LiKamWa, Robert, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, et al.
Created Date
2019

本研究旨在讨论融资租赁公司与承租的中小企之间的匹配因素。研究从融资租赁的实际业务流程切入,研究1对H公司进行了案例分析,得到基本的影响因素结果,继而研究2和研究3分别在中小企客户和融资租赁公司两类资料中独立展开分析,并比较这些因素的影响程度。研究结果发现了影响双向匹配的四个维度,以及在各自影响力的不同。研究最后分别对融资租赁公司和承租中小企提出了建议,以期提高双方匹配并达成业务的概率。 Dissertation/Thesis

Contributors
Wang, Dinghui, Pei, Ker-Wei, Yan, Hong, et al.
Created Date
2019

Migrations, past and present, fundamentally influence human interaction, community building, and social evolution. Studies of contemporary migrations demonstrate that the form and intensity of interaction migrants maintain between homeland and host communities shape social dynamics, innovations, and identities. This dissertation applies a contemporary theoretical framework and biogeochemical analyses to elucidate the scale, processes, and impacts of migration in the hinterland of the pre-Hispanic Tiwanaku polity (ca. AD 500-1100). Social diversity is examined by reconstructing the migration histories and dietary choices of individuals interred at the Tiwanaku-affiliated site of Omo M10 in the Moquegua Valley of southern Peru. Radiogenic strontium and …

Contributors
Dahlstedt, Allisen Cecelia, Knudson, Kelly J, Buikstra, Jane E, et al.
Created Date
2019

本论文研究的目的是针对银行卡跨境支付行为,根据不同的跨境支付渠道,结合资金清算的不同模式下的资金清算效率进行研究,并对现有清算系统内,运用理论和模型,对如何提高银行卡跨境资金清算进行阐述分析,力图在现有跨境资金清算金融设施的基础上,对银行卡跨境资金清算的流动性管理、头寸控制、增加清算周期等因素进行研究分析,进而尝试提出清算机制和流程的优化设计,以促进跨境资金提高周转效率,节约社会交易成本和持卡人资金成本。 论文将对相关银行卡跨境支付、清算基本流程、涉及的相关系统进行说明,并对全球和世界主要国家的银行卡市场进行介绍,结合我国银行卡跨境业务的现状、跨境支付清算涉及的主要环节、清算系统,通过不同层次、不同模型的分类比对,提出提高银行卡跨境支付资金清算的关键节点,并加以聚焦、深入测算、推导。研究的最终目的是期望通过对以上的分析,能够对银行卡资金清算参与主体对清算模式的选择、流动性节约、头寸管理等有所帮助,让清算主体能籍此对支付通道、清算模式、账户管理等选择上有所参考,促进卡组织(支付系统)籍此提高清算效率,从而降低整体交易和资金成本,提高支付行业整体资金资源的使用效率。 Dissertation/Thesis

Contributors
Zhao, Jinxing, Gu, Bin, Zhang, Anmin, et al.
Created Date
2019

Honors colleges have offered an academically rigorous option for growing numbers of diverse students. This study took place at a large, public university that required undergraduate students to complete a thesis to graduate from the honors college. In 2017, 97% of students who began the honors thesis prior to senior year completed it. Thus, the aim of this study was to help more students begin the honors thesis process early. Thesis Launch was a six-week intervention that was designed to provide support for students in the critical early steps of thesis work such as brainstorming topics, examining professors’ research interests, …

Contributors
Eardley, Trisha Lynn, Buss, Ray, Henderson, Mark, et al.
Created Date
2019

Opioid use in the United States is skyrocketing. Overdose deaths have increased 433% in the last decade and will continue climbing. In addition to the mortality caused by illicit opioid misuse, morbidity rates have also risen. People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) demonstrate higher rates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), Endocarditis, Persistent Abscesses, Staphylococcus Aureus (S. aureus, Staph) and other skin infections. This thesis serves as (1) a systematic review of the differences in health conditions experienced by PWID and (2) an examination of the trends in skin and soft tissue infection from a small sample in …

Contributors
Cohen, William, Mendoza, Natasha, Wolfersteig, Wendy, et al.
Created Date
2019

中国证券市场一直存在着双重上市公司A、H股价差异现象,这一“同股同权不同价”的现象,长期以来都是国内外学者热议的课题之一。 本文在系统性整理前人研究成果基础上,首先对造成A、H股价差效应的内在逻辑进行了系统梳理,提炼出影响双重上市公司A、H股价格差异的9个潜在因素:信息不对称、需求差异、流动性差异、投机性差异、风险差异、公司治理结构、利率差异、市场强弱差异、汇率预期。其次,本文为各潜在影响因素构建了新的代理变量,建立面板数据模型,从全市场和行业两大视角做了实证分析,验证了影响双重上市公司A、H股价格差异的可能因素,且实证结果均通过了平稳性检验。实证结果显示:全市场视角下,仅公司治理结构和市场强弱差异对A、H价格差异的影响不显著。行业视角下,对于金融行业的双重上市公司而言,影响其A、H股价格差异的因素包括:需求差异、流动性差异、风险差异、市场强弱差异、利率差异;信息不对称、投机性差异、公司治理结构、汇率预期不具有显著影响。而对于非金融行业的双重上市公司而言,影响其A、H股价格差异的因素包括:信息不对称、需求差异、流动性差异、风险差异、投机性差异、市场强弱差异、利率差异、汇率预期;公司治理结构则不是显著的影响因素。 本文在实证分析所得结论的基础上,考虑到当前A、H股市场的现状,提出了加强资本市场双向开放、大力发展以基金为代表的机构投资者、坚定推行股票发行注册制改革、推动金融创新、丰富投资工具等建议。这一研究结果对于推动我国资本市场进一步完善,具有重要的理论与现实意义。 Dissertation/Thesis

Contributors
Wang, Huan, Zhu, Hongquan, Li, Feng, et al.
Created Date
2019

This dissertation presents the development of structural health monitoring and prognostic health management methodologies for complex structures and systems in the field of mechanical engineering. To overcome various challenges historically associated with complex structures and systems such as complicated sensing mechanisms, noisy information, and large-size datasets, a hybrid monitoring framework comprising of solid mechanics concepts and data mining technologies is developed. In such a framework, the solid mechanics simulations provide additional intuitions to data mining techniques reducing the dependence of accuracy on the training set, while the data mining approaches fuse and interpret information from the targeted system enabling the …

Contributors
Li, Guoyi, Chattopadhyay, Aditi, Mignolet, Marc, et al.
Created Date
2019

中国律师制度自“文化大革命”结束后恢复至今,已有近四十年。中国律师行业伴随着中国改革开放的进程,得到了飞速的发展,当然,同时也面临着诸多的问题。重要的问题之一便是,中国律师事务所采用“加盟制合伙人”模式和采用“权益制合伙人”模式之争。本文试图从回顾企业边界的三大理论出发,提出“加盟制合伙人”模式和 “权益制合伙人”模式与合伙人律师的业务专业化程度、业务复杂化程度以及大客户和律师事务所规模关系的四个假设,通过实证分析的方式,试图以企业边界三大理论解释前述四个假设中的关系,并以此期望对律师行业的发展有所启发。 Dissertation/Thesis

Contributors
Chu, Xiaoqing, Pei, Ker-Wei, Cheng, Shijun, et al.
Created Date
2019

理性决策理论基于“完全理性”假定,追求帕累托最优即个体的利益最大化。但是实际决策过程中,人的行为具备“有意识的理性,但这种理性又是有限的”,投资者也是并不是完全理性、同质的。海外投资也是如此,其背景特征诸如地域、性格、年龄、财富等特征都会对海外投资决策产生重大的影响,其程度大小势必也会因投资者背景特征的差异有所不同。考虑到投资者风险偏好与海外投资活动的关系鲜有文献涉及,笔者愿意做“第一个吃螃蟹的人”,选取该视角展开论述。 本文首先对前人的研究进行总结,概述了风险偏好的理论和偏好水平的度量办法,并总结了风险偏好对海外投资影响的理论基础,即决策理论和有限理性与行为经济学理论,为本文的研究奠定了坚实的理论基础。 其次,开展了问卷调查,对小城市城镇人群、二三线大城市人群、一线大城市人群、海外华人群体等不同地域的25-60岁之间的人群作为调查对象,回收了有效问卷3748份,并就问卷结果进行了描述性分析。发现跨地域人群有着不同的投资需求,小城市城镇人群整体来说对于海外投资需求较低;二三线大城市人群对海外投资不抗拒且具备一定研究和分析能力;一线大城市人群26%已考虑移民或大量海外投资,对海外投资产品有很强的分析能力;海外华人群体38%已考虑移民或大量海外投资,对于各类海外投资产品的接触机会很多。 再次,本文对风险偏好水平进行综合评价和度量。在此基础上,设定了研究变量和研究模型,采用回归分析的方法,对跨地域人群风险偏好、跨地域人群风险偏好对海外投资影响两块进行了实证分析,并验证了相关假设。本文认为,跨地域人群具有较为明显的风险偏好,其中一线城市人群风险偏好最高,高于海外华人群体,高于二三线大城市人群和小城市城镇人群。基于教育水平、财富程度和信息获取的风险偏好对海外投资影响的实证分析结果显示,风险偏好越高的区域,海外投资总额越多。充分验证了跨地域人群不同的风险偏好,以及风险偏好对海外投资的显著正向影响关系。最后,本文针对实证结果提出了相应的对策建议。 Dissertation/Thesis

Contributors
Wan, Jianyin, Chen, Pei-Yu, Wu, Fei, et al.
Created Date
2019