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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Contributor
Date Range
2010 2019


For systems having computers as a significant component, it becomes a critical task to identify the potential threats that the users of the system can present, while being both inside and outside the system. One of the most important factors that differentiate an insider from an outsider is the fact that the insider being a part of the system, owns privileges that enable him/her access to the resources and processes of the system through valid capabilities. An insider with malicious intent can potentially be more damaging compared to outsiders. The above differences help to understand the notion and scope of …

Contributors
Nolastname, Sharad, Bazzi, Rida, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2019

There are many applications where the truth is unknown. The truth values are guessed by different sources. The values of different properties can be obtained from various sources. These will lead to the disagreement in sources. An important task is to obtain the truth from these sometimes contradictory sources. In the extension of computing the truth, the reliability of sources needs to be computed. There are models which compute the precision values. In those earlier models Banerjee et al. (2005) Dong and Naumann (2009) Kasneci et al. (2011) Li et al. (2012) Marian and Wu (2011) Zhao and Han (2012) …

Contributors
Jain, Karan, Xue, Guoliang, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2019

In the realm of network science, many topics can be abstracted as graph problems, such as routing, connectivity enhancement, resource/frequency allocation and so on. Though most of them are NP-hard to solve, heuristics as well as approximation algorithms are proposed to achieve reasonably good results. Accordingly, this dissertation studies graph related problems encountered in real applications. Two problems studied in this dissertation are derived from wireless network, two more problems studied are under scenarios of FIWI and optical network, one more problem is in Radio- Frequency Identification (RFID) domain and the last problem is inspired by satellite deployment. The objective …

Contributors
Zhou, Chenyang, Richa, Andrea, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2019

Networks naturally appear in many high-impact applications. The simplest model of networks is single-layered networks, where the nodes are from the same domain and the links are of the same type. However, as the world is highly coupled, nodes from different application domains tend to be interdependent on each other, forming a more complex network model called multi-layered networks. Among the various aspects of network studies, network connectivity plays an important role in a myriad of applications. The diversified application areas have spurred numerous connectivity measures, each designed for some specific tasks. Although effective in their own fields, none of …

Contributors
Chen, Chen, Tong, Hanghang, Davulcu, Hasan, et al.
Created Date
2019

The popularity of social media has generated abundant large-scale social networks, which advances research on network analytics. Good representations of nodes in a network can facilitate many network mining tasks. The goal of network representation learning (network embedding) is to learn low-dimensional vector representations of social network nodes that capture certain properties of the networks. With the learned node representations, machine learning and data mining algorithms can be applied for network mining tasks such as link prediction and node classification. Because of its ability to learn good node representations, network representation learning is attracting increasing attention and various network embedding …

Contributors
Wang, Suhang, Liu, Huan, Aggarwal, Charu, et al.
Created Date
2018

Distributed systems are prone to attacks, called Sybil attacks, wherein an adversary may generate an unbounded number of bogus identities to gain control over the system. In this thesis, an algorithm, DownhillFlow, for mitigating such attacks is presented and tested experimentally. The trust rankings produced by the algorithm are significantly better than those of the distributed SybilGuard protocol and only slightly worse than those of the best-known Sybil defense algorithm, ACL. The results obtained for ACL are consistent with those obtained in previous studies. The running times of the algorithms are also tested and two results are obtained: first, DownhillFlow’s …

Contributors
Bradley, Michael, Bazzi, Rida, Richa, Andrea, et al.
Created Date
2018

This research start utilizing an efficient sparse inverse covariance matrix (precision matrix) estimation technique to identify a set of highly correlated discriminative perspectives between radical and counter-radical groups. A ranking system has been developed that utilizes ranked perspectives to map Islamic organizations on a set of socio-cultural, political and behavioral scales based on their web site corpus. Simultaneously, a gold standard ranking of these organizations was created through domain experts and compute expert-to-expert agreements and present experimental results comparing the performance of the QUIC based scaling system to another baseline method for organizations. The QUIC based algorithm not only outperforms …

Contributors
Kim, Nyunsu, Davulcu, Hasan, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2018

The power and communication networks are highly interdependent and form a part of the critical infrastructure of a country. Similarly, dependencies exist within the networks itself. Owing to cascading failures, interdependent and intradependent networks are extremely susceptible to widespread vulnerabilities. In recent times the research community has shown significant interest in modeling to capture these dependencies. However, many of them are simplistic in nature which limits their applicability to real world systems. This dissertation presents a Boolean logic based model termed as Implicative Interdependency Model (IIM) to capture the complex dependencies and cascading failures resulting from an initial failure of …

Contributors
Banerjee, Joydeep, Sen, Arunabha, Dasgupta, Partha, et al.
Created Date
2017

Imagine that we have a piece of matter that can change its physical properties like its shape, density, conductivity, or color in a programmable fashion based on either user input or autonomous sensing. This is the vision behind what is commonly known as programmable matter. Envisioning systems of nano-sensors devices, programmable matter consists of systems of simple computational elements, called particles, that can establish and release bonds, compute, and can actively move in a self-organized way. In this dissertation the feasibility of solving fundamental problems relevant for programmable matter is investigated. As a model for such self-organizing particle systems (SOPS), …

Contributors
Derakhshandeh, Zahra, Richa, Andrea, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2017

The critical infrastructures of the nation are a large and complex network of human, physical and cyber-physical systems. In recent times, it has become increasingly apparent that individual critical infrastructures, such as the power and communication networks, do not operate in isolation, but instead are part of a complex interdependent ecosystem where a failure involving a small set of network entities can trigger a cascading event resulting in the failure of a much larger set of entities through the failure propagation process. Recognizing the need for a deeper understanding of the interdependent relationships between such critical infrastructures, several models have …

Contributors
Das, Arun, Sen, Arunabha, Xue, Guoliang, et al.
Created Date
2016

We live in a networked world with a multitude of networks, such as communication networks, electric power grid, transportation networks and water distribution networks, all around us. In addition to such physical (infrastructure) networks, recent years have seen tremendous proliferation of social networks, such as Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram, Google+ and others. These powerful social networks are not only used for harnessing revenue from the infrastructure networks, but are also increasingly being used as “non-conventional sensors” for monitoring the infrastructure networks. Accordingly, nowadays, analyses of social and infrastructure networks go hand-in-hand. This dissertation studies resource allocation problems encountered in this …

Contributors
Mazumder, Anisha, Sen, Arunabha, Richa, Andrea, et al.
Created Date
2016

Social media has become popular in the past decade. Facebook for example has 1.59 billion active users monthly. With such massive social networks generating lot of data, everyone is constantly looking for ways of leveraging the knowledge from social networks to make their systems more personalized to their end users. And with rapid increase in the usage of mobile phones and wearables, social media data is being tied to spatial networks. This research document proposes an efficient technique that answers socially k-Nearest Neighbors with Spatial Range Filter. The proposed approach performs a joint search on both the social and spatial …

Contributors
Pasumarthy, Nitin, Sarwat, Mohamed, Papotti, Paolo, et al.
Created Date
2016

In supervised learning, machine learning techniques can be applied to learn a model on a small set of labeled documents which can be used to classify a larger set of unknown documents. Machine learning techniques can be used to analyze a political scenario in a given society. A lot of research has been going on in this field to understand the interactions of various people in the society in response to actions taken by their organizations. This paper talks about understanding the Russian influence on people in Latvia. This is done by building an eeffective model learnt on initial set …

Contributors
Bollapragada, Lakshmi Gayatri Niharika, Davulcu, Hasan, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2016

In this thesis multiple approaches are explored to enhance sentiment analysis of tweets. A standard sentiment analysis model with customized features is first trained and tested to establish a baseline. This is compared to an existing topic based mixture model and a new proposed topic based vector model both of which use Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) for topic modeling. The proposed topic based vector model has higher accuracies in terms of averaged F scores than the other two models. Dissertation/Thesis

Contributors
Baskaran, Swetha, Davulcu, Hasan, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2016

Predicting when an individual will adopt a new behavior is an important problem in application domains such as marketing and public health. This thesis examines the performance of a wide variety of social network based measurements proposed in the literature - which have not been previously compared directly. This research studies the probability of an individual becoming influenced based on measurements derived from neighborhood (i.e. number of influencers, personal network exposure), structural diversity, locality, temporal measures, cascade measures, and metadata. It also examines the ability to predict influence based on choice of the classifier and how the ratio of positive …

Contributors
Nanda Kumar, Nikhil, Shakarian, Paulo, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2016

Internet and social media devices created a new public space for debate on political and social topics (Papacharissi 2002; Himelboim 2010). Hotly debated issues span all spheres of human activity; from liberal vs. conservative politics, to radical vs. counter-radical religious debate, to climate change debate in scientific community, to globalization debate in economics, and to nuclear disarmament debate in security. Many prominent ’camps’ have emerged within Internet debate rhetoric and practice (Dahlberg, n.d.). In this research I utilized feature extraction and model fitting techniques to process the rhetoric found in the web sites of 23 Indonesian Islamic religious organizations, later …

Contributors
Tikves, Sukru, Davulcu, Hasan, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2016

The presence of a rich set of embedded sensors on mobile devices has been fuelling various sensing applications regarding the activities of individuals and their surrounding environment, and these ubiquitous sensing-capable mobile devices are pushing the new paradigm of Mobile Crowd Sensing (MCS) from concept to reality. MCS aims to outsource sensing data collection to mobile users and it could revolutionize the traditional ways of sensing data collection and processing. In the meantime, cloud computing provides cloud-backed infrastructures for mobile devices to provision their capabilities with network access. With enormous computational and storage resources along with sufficient bandwidth, it functions …

Contributors
Wang, Zhijie, Wang, Zhijie, Xue, Guoliang, et al.
Created Date
2016

With the advent of Internet, the data being added online is increasing at enormous rate. Though search engines are using IR techniques to facilitate the search requests from users, the results are not effective towards the search query of the user. The search engine user has to go through certain webpages before getting at the webpage he/she wanted. This problem of Information Overload can be solved using Automatic Text Summarization. Summarization is a process of obtaining at abridged version of documents so that user can have a quick view to understand what exactly the document is about. Email threads from …

Contributors
Nadella, Sravan, Davulcu, Hasan, Li, Baoxin, et al.
Created Date
2015

Error correcting systems have put increasing demands on system designers, both due to increasing error correcting requirements and higher throughput targets. These requirements have led to greater silicon area, power consumption and have forced system designers to make trade-offs in Error Correcting Code (ECC) functionality. Solutions to increase the efficiency of ECC systems are very important to system designers and have become a heavily researched area. Many such systems incorporate the Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem (BCH) method of error correcting in a multi-channel configuration. BCH is a commonly used code because of its configurability, low storage overhead, and low decoding requirements when compared …

Contributors
Dill, Russell, Shrivastava, Aviral, Oh, Hyunok, et al.
Created Date
2015

A community in a social network can be viewed as a structure formed by individuals who share similar interests. Not all communities are explicit; some may be hidden in a large network. Therefore, discovering these hidden communities becomes an interesting problem. Researchers from a number of fields have developed algorithms to tackle this problem. Besides the common feature above, communities within a social network have two unique characteristics: communities are mostly small and overlapping. Unfortunately, many traditional algorithms have difficulty recognizing these small communities (often called the resolution limit problem) as well as overlapping communities. In this work, two enhanced …

Contributors
Wang, Ran, Liu, Huan, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2015