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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Contributor
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Date Range
2011 2019


Functional brain imaging experiments are widely conducted in many fields for study- ing the underlying brain activity in response to mental stimuli. For such experiments, it is crucial to select a good sequence of mental stimuli that allow researchers to collect informative data for making precise and valid statistical inferences at minimum cost. In contrast to most existing studies, the aim of this study is to obtain optimal designs for brain mapping technology with an ultra-high temporal resolution with respect to some common statistical optimality criteria. The first topic of this work is on finding optimal designs when the primary …

Contributors
Alghamdi, Reem, Kao, Ming-Hung, Fricks, John, et al.
Created Date
2019

Optimal design theory provides a general framework for the construction of experimental designs for categorical responses. For a binary response, where the possible result is one of two outcomes, the logistic regression model is widely used to relate a set of experimental factors with the probability of a positive (or negative) outcome. This research investigates and proposes alternative designs to alleviate the problem of separation in small-sample D-optimal designs for the logistic regression model. Separation causes the non-existence of maximum likelihood parameter estimates and presents a serious problem for model fitting purposes. First, it is shown that exact, multi-factor D-optimal …

Contributors
Park, Anson Robert, Montgomery, Douglas C, Mancenido, Michelle V, et al.
Created Date
2019

Image-based process monitoring has recently attracted increasing attention due to the advancement of the sensing technologies. However, existing process monitoring methods fail to fully utilize the spatial information of images due to their complex characteristics including the high dimensionality and complex spatial structures. Recent advancement of the unsupervised deep models such as a generative adversarial network (GAN) and generative adversarial autoencoder (AAE) has enabled to learn the complex spatial structures automatically. Inspired by this advancement, we propose an anomaly detection framework based on the AAE for unsupervised anomaly detection for images. AAE combines the power of GAN with the variational …

Contributors
YEH, HUAI-MING, Yan, Hao, Pan, Rong, et al.
Created Date
2019

With the development of computer and sensing technology, rich datasets have become available in many fields such as health care, manufacturing, transportation, just to name a few. Also, data come from multiple heterogeneous sources or modalities. This is a common phenomenon in health care systems. While multi-modality data fusion is a promising research area, there are several special challenges in health care applications. (1) The integration of biological and statistical model is a big challenge; (2) It is commonplace that data from various modalities is not available for every patient due to cost, accessibility, and other reasons. This results in …

Contributors
Liu, Xiaonan, Li, Jing, Wu, Teresa, et al.
Created Date
2019

The recent technological advances enable the collection of various complex, heterogeneous and high-dimensional data in biomedical domains. The increasing availability of the high-dimensional biomedical data creates the needs of new machine learning models for effective data analysis and knowledge discovery. This dissertation introduces several unsupervised and supervised methods to help understand the data, discover the patterns and improve the decision making. All the proposed methods can generalize to other industrial fields. The first topic of this dissertation focuses on the data clustering. Data clustering is often the first step for analyzing a dataset without the label information. Clustering high-dimensional data …

Contributors
Lin, Sangdi, Runger, George C, Kocher, Jean-Pierre A, et al.
Created Date
2018

Under different environmental conditions, the relationship between the design and operational variables of a system and the system’s performance is likely to vary and is difficult to be described by a single model. The environmental variables (e.g., temperature, humidity) are not controllable while the variables of the system (e.g. heating, cooling) are mostly controllable. This phenomenon has been widely seen in the areas of building energy management, mobile communication networks, and wind energy. To account for the complicated interaction between a system and the multivariate environment under which it operates, a Sparse Partitioned-Regression (SPR) model is proposed, which automatically searches …

Contributors
Ning, Shuluo, Li, Jing, Wu, Teresa, et al.
Created Date
2018

A quantitative analysis of a system that has a complex reliability structure always involves considerable challenges. This dissertation mainly addresses uncertainty in- herent in complicated reliability structures that may cause unexpected and undesired results. The reliability structure uncertainty cannot be handled by the traditional relia- bility analysis tools such as Fault Tree and Reliability Block Diagram due to their deterministic Boolean logic. Therefore, I employ Bayesian network that provides a flexible modeling method for building a multivariate distribution. By representing a system reliability structure as a joint distribution, the uncertainty and correlations existing between system’s elements can effectively be modeled …

Contributors
Lee, Dongjin, Pan, Rong, Montgomery, Douglas, et al.
Created Date
2018

Healthcare operations have enjoyed reduced costs, improved patient safety, and innovation in healthcare policy over a huge variety of applications by tackling prob- lems via the creation and optimization of descriptive mathematical models to guide decision-making. Despite these accomplishments, models are stylized representations of real-world applications, reliant on accurate estimations from historical data to jus- tify their underlying assumptions. To protect against unreliable estimations which can adversely affect the decisions generated from applications dependent on fully- realized models, techniques that are robust against misspecications are utilized while still making use of incoming data for learning. Hence, new robust techniques are …

Contributors
Bren, Austin, Saghafian, Soroush, Mirchandani, Pitu, et al.
Created Date
2018

In healthcare facilities, health information systems (HISs) are used to serve different purposes. The radiology department adopts multiple HISs in managing their operations and patient care. In general, the HISs that touch radiology fall into two categories: tracking HISs and archive HISs. Electronic Health Records (EHR) is a typical tracking HIS, which tracks the care each patient receives at multiple encounters and facilities. Archive HISs are typically specialized databases to store large-size data collected as part of the patient care. A typical example of an archive HIS is the Picture Archive and Communication System (PACS), which provides economical storage and …

Contributors
Wang, Kun, Li, Jing, Wu, Teresa, et al.
Created Date
2018

Project portfolio selection (PPS) is a significant problem faced by most organizations. How to best select the many innovative ideas that a company has developed to deploy in a proper and sustained manner with a balanced allocation of its resources over multiple time periods is one of vital importance to a company's goals. This dissertation details the steps involved in deploying a more intuitive portfolio selection framework that facilitates bringing analysts and management to a consensus on ongoing company efforts and buy into final decisions. A binary integer programming selection model that constructs an efficient frontier allows the evaluation of …

Contributors
Sampath, Siddhartha, Gel, Esma, Fowler, Jown W, et al.
Created Date
2018

One of the greatest 21st century challenges is meeting the needs of a growing world population expected to increase 35% by 2050 given projected trends in diets, consumption and income. This in turn requires a 70-100% improvement on current production capability, even as the world is undergoing systemic climate pattern changes. This growth not only translates to higher demand for staple products, such as rice, wheat, and beans, but also creates demand for high-value products such as fresh fruits and vegetables (FVs), fueled by better economic conditions and a more health conscious consumer. In this case, it would seem that …

Contributors
Flores, Hector M., Villalobos, Rene, Pan, Rong, et al.
Created Date
2017

This study concerns optimal designs for experiments where responses consist of both binary and continuous variables. Many experiments in engineering, medical studies, and other fields have such mixed responses. Although in recent decades several statistical methods have been developed for jointly modeling both types of response variables, an effective way to design such experiments remains unclear. To address this void, some useful results are developed to guide the selection of optimal experimental designs in such studies. The results are mainly built upon a powerful tool called the complete class approach and a nonlinear optimization algorithm. The complete class approach was …

Contributors
Kim, Soohyun, Kao, Ming-Hung, Dueck, Amylou, et al.
Created Date
2017

In accelerated life tests (ALTs), complete randomization is hardly achievable because of economic and engineering constraints. Typical experimental protocols such as subsampling or random blocks in ALTs result in a grouped structure, which leads to correlated lifetime observations. In this dissertation, generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) approach is proposed to analyze ALT data and find the optimal ALT design with the consideration of heterogeneous group effects. Two types of ALTs are demonstrated for data analysis. First, constant-stress ALT (CSALT) data with Weibull failure time distribution is modeled by GLMM. The marginal likelihood of observations is approximated by the quadrature rule; …

Contributors
Seo, Kangwon, Pan, Rong, Montgomery, Douglas C, et al.
Created Date
2017

The following is a case study composed of three workflow investigations at the open source software development (OSSD) based Apache Software Foundation (Apache). I start with an examination of the workload inequality within the Apache, particularly with regard to requirements writing. I established that the stronger a participant's experience indicators are, the more likely they are to propose a requirement that is not a defect and the more likely the requirement is eventually implemented. Requirements at Apache are divided into work tickets (tickets). In our second investigation, I reported many insights into the distribution patterns of these tickets. The participants …

Contributors
Panos, Ryan Charles, Collofello, James, Fowler, John, et al.
Created Date
2017

Distributed Renewable energy generators are now contributing a significant amount of energy into the energy grid. Consequently, reliability adequacy of such energy generators will depend on making accurate forecasts of energy produced by them. Power outputs of Solar PV systems depend on the stochastic variation of environmental factors (solar irradiance, ambient temperature & wind speed) and random mechanical failures/repairs. Monte Carlo Simulation which is typically used to model such problems becomes too computationally intensive leading to simplifying state-space assumptions. Multi-state models for power system reliability offer a higher flexibility in providing a description of system state evolution and an accurate …

Contributors
Kadloor, Nikhil, Kuitche, Joseph, Pan, Rong, et al.
Created Date
2017

Resource allocation in cloud computing determines the allocation of computer and network resources of service providers to service requests of cloud users for meeting the cloud users' service requirements. The efficient and effective resource allocation determines the success of cloud computing. However, it is challenging to satisfy objectives of all service providers and all cloud users in an unpredictable environment with dynamic workload, large shared resources and complex policies to manage them. Many studies propose to use centralized algorithms for achieving optimal solutions for resource allocation. However, the centralized algorithms may encounter the scalability problem to handle a large number …

Contributors
Yang, Su Seon, Ye, Nong, Wu, Teresa, et al.
Created Date
2016

The majority of research in experimental design has, to date, been focused on designs when there is only one type of response variable under consideration. In a decision-making process, however, relying on only one objective or criterion can lead to oversimplified, sub-optimal decisions that ignore important considerations. Incorporating multiple, and likely competing, objectives is critical during the decision-making process in order to balance the tradeoffs of all potential solutions. Consequently, the problem of constructing a design for an experiment when multiple types of responses are of interest does not have a clear answer, particularly when the response variables have different …

Contributors
Burke, Sarah Ellen, Montgomery, Douglas C, Borror, Connie M, et al.
Created Date
2016

Bayesian networks are powerful tools in system reliability assessment due to their flexibility in modeling the reliability structure of complex systems. This dissertation develops Bayesian network models for system reliability analysis through the use of Bayesian inference techniques. Bayesian networks generalize fault trees by allowing components and subsystems to be related by conditional probabilities instead of deterministic relationships; thus, they provide analytical advantages to the situation when the failure structure is not well understood, especially during the product design stage. In order to tackle this problem, one needs to utilize auxiliary information such as the reliability information from similar products …

Contributors
Yontay, Petek, Pan, Rong, Montgomery, Douglas C, et al.
Created Date
2016

This research is to address the design optimization of systems for a specified reliability level, considering the dynamic nature of component failure rates. In case of designing a mechanical system (especially a load-sharing system), the failure of one component will lead to increase in probability of failure of remaining components. Many engineering systems like aircrafts, automobiles, and construction bridges will experience this phenomenon. In order to design these systems, the Reliability-Based Design Optimization framework using Sequential Optimization and Reliability Assessment (SORA) method is developed. The dynamic nature of component failure probability is considered in the system reliability model. The Stress-Strength …

Contributors
Bala Subramaniyan, Arun, Pan, Rong, Askin, Ronald, et al.
Created Date
2016

Mixture experiments are useful when the interest is in determining how changes in the proportion of an experimental component affects the response. This research focuses on the modeling and design of mixture experiments when the response is categorical namely, binary and ordinal. Data from mixture experiments is characterized by the perfect collinearity of the experimental components, resulting in model matrices that are singular and inestimable under likelihood estimation procedures. To alleviate problems with estimation, this research proposes the reparameterization of two nonlinear models for ordinal data -- the proportional-odds model with a logistic link and the stereotype model. A study …

Contributors
Mancenido, Michelle V., Montgomery, Douglas C, Pan, Rong, et al.
Created Date
2016