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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Subject
Date Range
2010 2019


Autonomous systems that are out in the real world today deal with a slew of different data modalities to perform effectively in tasks ranging from robot navigation in complex maneuverable robots to identity verification in simpler static systems. The performance of the system heavily banks on the continuous supply of data from all modalities. These systems can face drastically increased risk with the loss of one or multiple modalities due to an adverse scenario like that of hardware malfunction, inimical environmental conditions, etc. This thesis investigates modality hallucination and its efficacy in mitigating the risks posed to the autonomous system. …

Contributors
Gunasekar, Kausic, Yang, Yezhou, Qiu, Qiang, et al.
Created Date
2019

The ubiquity of single camera systems in society has made improving monocular depth estimation a topic of increasing interest in the broader computer vision community. Inspired by recent work in sparse-to-dense depth estimation, this thesis focuses on sparse patterns generated from feature detection based algorithms as opposed to regular grid sparse patterns used by previous work. This work focuses on using these feature-based sparse patterns to generate additional depth information by interpolating regions between clusters of samples that are in close proximity to each other. These interpolated sparse depths are used to enforce additional constraints on the network’s predictions. In …

Contributors
Rai, Anshul, Yang, Yezhou, Zhang, Wenlong, et al.
Created Date
2019

Admittance control with fixed damping has been a successful control strategy in previous human-robotic interaction research. This research implements a variable damping admittance controller in a 7-DOF robotic arm coupled with a human subject’s arm at the end effector to study the trade-off of agility and stability and aims to produce a control scheme which displays both fast rise time and stability. The variable damping controller uses a measure of intent of movement to vary damping to aid the user’s movement to a target. The range of damping values is bounded by incorporating knowledge of a human arm to ensure …

Contributors
Bitz, Tanner Jacob, Lee, Hyunglae, Marvi, Hamidreza, et al.
Created Date
2019

Numerous works have addressed the control of multi-robot systems for coverage, mapping, navigation, and task allocation problems. In addition to classical microscopic approaches to multi-robot problems, which model the actions and decisions of individual robots, lately, there has been a focus on macroscopic or Eulerian approaches. In these approaches, the population of robots is represented as a continuum that evolves according to a mean-field model, which is directly designed such that the corresponding robot control policies produce target collective behaviours. This dissertation presents a control-theoretic analysis of three types of mean-field models proposed in the literature for modelling and control …

Contributors
Elamvazhuthi, Karthik, Berman, Spring Melody, Kawski, Matthias, et al.
Created Date
2019

Wearable assistive devices have been greatly improved thanks to advancements made in soft robotics, even creation soft extra arms for paralyzed patients. Grasping remains an active area of research of soft extra limbs. Soft robotics allow the creation of grippers that due to their inherit compliance making them lightweight, safer for human interactions, more robust in unknown environments and simpler to control than their rigid counterparts. A current problem in soft robotics is the lack of seamless integration of soft grippers into wearable devices, which is in part due to the use of elastomeric materials used for the creation of …

Contributors
Lopez Arellano, Francisco, Santello, Marco, Zhang, Wenlong, et al.
Created Date
2019

What if there is a way to integrate prosthetics seamlessly with the human body and robots could help improve the lives of children with disabilities? With physical human-robot interaction being seen in multiple aspects of life, including industry, medical, and social, how these robots are interacting with human becomes even more important. Therefore, how smoothly the robot can interact with a person will determine how safe and efficient this relationship will be. This thesis investigates adaptive control method that allows a robot to adapt to the human's actions based on the interaction force. Allowing the relationship to become more effortless …

Contributors
Bell, Rebecca C, Zhang, Wenlong, Chiou, Erin, et al.
Created Date
2019

The construction industry is very mundane and tiring for workers without the assistance of machines. This challenge has changed the trend of construction industry tremendously by motivating the development of robots that can replace human workers. This thesis presents a computed torque controller that is designed to produce movements by a small-scale, 5 degree-of-freedom (DOF) robotic arm that are useful for construction operations, specifically bricklaying. A software framework for the robotic arm with motion and path planning features and different control capabilities has also been developed using the Robot Operating System (ROS). First, a literature review of bricklaying construction activity …

Contributors
Gandhi, Sushrut, Berman, Spring, Marvi, Hamidreza, et al.
Created Date
2019

This thesis presents the design and testing of a soft robotic device for water utility pipeline inspection. The preliminary findings of this new approach to conventional methods of pipe inspection demonstrate that a soft inflatable robot can successfully traverse the interior space of a range of diameter pipes using pneumatic and without the need to adjust rigid, mechanical components. The robot utilizes inflatable soft actuators with an adjustable radius which, when pressurized, can provide a radial force, effectively anchoring the device in place. Additional soft inflatable actuators translate forces along the center axis of the device which creates forward locomotion …

Contributors
Adams, Wade Silas, Aukes, Daniel, Sugar, Thomas, et al.
Created Date
2019

This thesis presents a family of adaptive curvature methods for gradient-based stochastic optimization. In particular, a general algorithmic framework is introduced along with a practical implementation that yields an efficient, adaptive curvature gradient descent algorithm. To this end, a theoretical and practical link between curvature matrix estimation and shrinkage methods for covariance matrices is established. The use of shrinkage improves estimation accuracy of the curvature matrix when data samples are scarce. This thesis also introduce several insights that result in data- and computation-efficient update equations. Empirical results suggest that the proposed method compares favorably with existing second-order techniques based on …

Contributors
Barron, Trevor Paul, Ben Amor, Heni, He, Jingrui, et al.
Created Date
2019

For a conventional quadcopter system with 4 planar rotors, flight times vary between 10 to 20 minutes depending on the weight of the quadcopter and the size of the battery used. In order to increase the flight time, either the weight of the quadcopter should be reduced or the battery size should be increased. Another way is to increase the efficiency of the propellers. Previous research shows that ducting a propeller can cause an increase of up to 94 % in the thrust produced by the rotor-duct system. This research focused on developing and testing a quadcopter having a centrally …

Contributors
Lal, Harsh, Artemiadis, Panagiotis, Lee, Hyunglae, et al.
Created Date
2019

In this thesis, a new approach to learning-based planning is presented where critical regions of an environment with low probability measure are learned from a given set of motion plans. Critical regions are learned using convolutional neural networks (CNN) to improve sampling processes for motion planning (MP). In addition to an identification network, a new sampling-based motion planner, Learn and Link, is introduced. This planner leverages critical regions to overcome the limitations of uniform sampling while still maintaining guarantees of correctness inherent to sampling-based algorithms. Learn and Link is evaluated against planners from the Open Motion Planning Library (OMPL) on …

Contributors
Molina, Daniel Antonio, Srivastava, Siddharth, Li, Baoxin, et al.
Created Date
2019

The Basilisk lizard is known for its agile locomotion capabilities on granular and aquatic media making it an impressive model organism for studying multi-terrain locomotion mechanics. The work presented here is aimed at understanding locomotion characteristics of Basilisk lizards through a systematic series of robotic and animal experiments. In this work, a Basilisk lizard inspired legged robot with bipedal and quadrupedal locomotion capabilities is presented. A series of robot experiments are conducted on dry and wet (saturated) granular media to determine the effects of gait parameters and substrate saturation, on robot velocity and energetics. Gait parameters studied here are stride …

Contributors
Jayanetti, Vidu, Marvi, Hamid, Emady, Heather, et al.
Created Date
2019

Automated driving systems are in an intensive research and development stage, and the companies developing these systems are targeting to deploy them on public roads in a very near future. Guaranteeing safe operation of these systems is crucial as they are planned to carry passengers and share the road with other vehicles and pedestrians. Yet, there is no agreed-upon approach on how and in what detail those systems should be tested. Different organizations have different testing approaches, and one common approach is to combine simulation-based testing with real-world driving. One of the expectations from fully-automated vehicles is never to cause …

Contributors
Tuncali, Cumhur Erkan, Fainekos, Georgios, Ben Amor, Heni, et al.
Created Date
2019

A critical challenge in the design of AI systems that operate with humans in the loop is to be able to model the intentions and capabilities of the humans, as well as their beliefs and expectations of the AI system itself. This allows the AI system to be "human- aware" -- i.e. the human task model enables it to envisage desired roles of the human in joint action, while the human mental model allows it to anticipate how its own actions are perceived from the point of view of the human. In my research, I explore how these concepts of …

Contributors
Chakraborti, Tathagata, Kambhampati, Subbarao, Talamadupula, Kartik, et al.
Created Date
2018

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are widely used in many applications because of their small size, great mobility and hover performance. This has been a consequence of the fast development of electronics, cheap lightweight flight controllers for accurate positioning and cameras. This thesis describes modeling, control and design of an oblique-cross-quadcopter platform for indoor-environments. One contribution of the work was the design of a new printed-circuit-board (PCB) flight controller (called MARK3). Key features/capabilities are as follows: (1) a Teensy 3.2 microcontroller with 168MHz overclock –used for communications, full-state estimation and inner-outer loop hierarchical rate-angle-speed-position control, (2) an on-board MEMS inertial-measurement-unit (IMU) …

Contributors
Lu, Shi, Rodriguez, Armando A., Tsakalis, Konstantinos, et al.
Created Date
2018

Robotic swarms can potentially perform complicated tasks such as exploration and mapping at large space and time scales in a parallel and robust fashion. This thesis presents strategies for mapping environmental features of interest – specifically obstacles, collision-free paths, generating a metric map and estimating scalar density fields– in an unknown domain using data obtained by a swarm of resource-constrained robots. First, an approach was developed for mapping a single obstacle using a swarm of point-mass robots with both directed and random motion. The swarm population dynamics are modeled by a set of advection-diffusion-reaction partial differential equations (PDEs) in which …

Contributors
Ramachandran, Ragesh Kumar, Berman, Spring M, Mignolet, Marc, et al.
Created Date
2018

Wearable robotics has gained huge popularity in recent years due to its wide applications in rehabilitation, military, and industrial fields. The weakness of the skeletal muscles in the aging population and neurological injuries such as stroke and spinal cord injuries seriously limit the abilities of these individuals to perform daily activities. Therefore, there is an increasing attention in the development of wearable robots to assist the elderly and patients with disabilities for motion assistance and rehabilitation. In military and industrial sectors, wearable robots can increase the productivity of workers and soldiers. It is important for the wearable robots to maintain …

Contributors
Chinimilli, Prudhvi Tej, Redkar, Sangram, Zhang, Wenlong, et al.
Created Date
2018

Coordination and control of Intelligent Agents as a team is considered in this thesis. Intelligent agents learn from experiences, and in times of uncertainty use the knowl- edge acquired to make decisions and accomplish their individual or team objectives. Agent objectives are defined using cost functions designed uniquely for the collective task being performed. Individual agent costs are coupled in such a way that group ob- jective is attained while minimizing individual costs. Information Asymmetry refers to situations where interacting agents have no knowledge or partial knowledge of cost functions of other agents. By virtue of their intelligence, i.e., by …

Contributors
KAMBAM, KARTHIK, Zhang, Wenlong, Nedich, Angelia, et al.
Created Date
2018

Reinforcement learning (RL) is a powerful methodology for teaching autonomous agents complex behaviors and skills. A critical component in most RL algorithms is the reward function -- a mathematical function that provides numerical estimates for desirable and undesirable states. Typically, the reward function must be hand-designed by a human expert and, as a result, the scope of a robot's autonomy and ability to safely explore and learn in new and unforeseen environments is constrained by the specifics of the designed reward function. In this thesis, I design and implement a stateful collision anticipation model with powerful predictive capability based upon …

Contributors
Richardson, Trevor W, Ben Amor, Heni, Yang, Yezhou, et al.
Created Date
2018

The world population is aging. Age-related disorders such as stroke and spinal cord injury are increasing rapidly, and such patients often suffer from mobility impairment. Wearable robotic exoskeletons are developed that serve as rehabilitation devices for these patients. In this thesis, a knee exoskeleton design with higher torque output compared to the first version, is designed and fabricated. A series elastic actuator is one of the many actuation mechanisms employed in exoskeletons. In this mechanism a torsion spring is used between the actuator and human joint. It serves as torque sensor and energy buffer, making it compact and safe. A …

Contributors
Jhawar, Vaibhav, Zhang, Wenlong, Sugar, Thomas G, et al.
Created Date
2018