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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.




The availability of a wide range of general purpose as well as accelerator cores on modern smartphones means that a significant number of applications can be executed on a smartphone simultaneously, resulting in an ever increasing demand on the memory subsystem. While the increased computation capability is intended for improving user experience, memory requests from each concurrent application exhibit unique memory access patterns as well as specific timing constraints. If not considered, this could lead to significant memory contention and result in lowered user experience. This work first analyzes the impact of memory degradation caused by the interference at the …

Contributors
SHINGARI, DAVESH, Wu, Carole-Jean, Vrudhula, Sarma, et al.
Created Date
2016

Improving energy efficiency has always been the prime objective of the custom and automated digital circuit design techniques. As a result, a multitude of methods to reduce power without sacrificing performance have been proposed. However, as the field of design automation has matured over the last few decades, there have been no new automated design techniques, that can provide considerable improvements in circuit power, leakage and area. Although emerging nano-devices are expected to replace the existing MOSFET devices, they are far from being as mature as semiconductor devices and their full potential and promises are many years away from being …

Contributors
Kulkarni, Niranjan, Vrudhula, Sarma, Colbourn, Charles, et al.
Created Date
2015

The holy grail of computer hardware across all market segments has been to sustain performance improvement at the same pace as silicon technology scales. As the technology scales and the size of transistors shrinks, the power consumption and energy usage per transistor decrease. On the other hand, the transistor density increases significantly by technology scaling. Due to technology factors, the reduction in power consumption per transistor is not sufficient to offset the increase in power consumption per unit area. Therefore, to improve performance, increasing energy-efficiency must be addressed at all design levels from circuit level to application and algorithm levels. …

Contributors
Hamzeh, Mahdi, Vrudhula, Sarma, Gopalakrishnan, Kailash, et al.
Created Date
2015

In recent years we have witnessed a shift towards multi-processor system-on-chips (MPSoCs) to address the demands of embedded devices (such as cell phones, GPS devices, luxury car features, etc.). Highly optimized MPSoCs are well-suited to tackle the complex application demands desired by the end user customer. These MPSoCs incorporate a constellation of heterogeneous processing elements (PEs) (general purpose PEs and application-specific integrated circuits (ASICS)). A typical MPSoC will be composed of a application processor, such as an ARM Coretex-A9 with cache coherent memory hierarchy, and several application sub-systems. Each of these sub-systems are composed of highly optimized instruction processors, graphics/DSP …

Contributors
Leary, Glenn, Chatha, Karamvir S, Vrudhula, Sarma, et al.
Created Date
2013

In recent years, we have observed the prevalence of stream applications in many embedded domains. Stream programs distinguish themselves from traditional sequential programming languages through well defined independent actors, explicit data communication, and stable code/data access patterns. In order to achieve high performance and low power, scratch pad memory (SPM) has been introduced in today's embedded multicore processors. Current design frameworks for developing stream applications on SPM enhanced embedded architectures typically do not include a compiler that can perform automatic partitioning, mapping and scheduling under limited on-chip SPM capacities and memory access delays. Consequently, many designs are implemented manually, which …

Contributors
Che, Weijia, Chatha, Karam Singh, Chatha, Karam Singh, et al.
Created Date
2012

Threshold logic has been studied by at least two independent group of researchers. One group of researchers studied threshold logic with the intention of building threshold logic circuits. The earliest research to this end was done in the 1960's. The major work at that time focused on studying mathematical properties of threshold logic as no efficient circuit implementations of threshold logic were available. Recently many post-CMOS (Complimentary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) technologies that implement threshold logic have been proposed along with efficient CMOS implementations. This has renewed the effort to develop efficient threshold logic design automation techniques. This work contributes to …

Contributors
Linge Gowda, Tejaswi, Vrudhula, Sarma, Shrivastava, Aviral, et al.
Created Date
2012

Thanks to continuous technology scaling, intelligent, fast and smaller digital systems are now available at affordable costs. As a result, digital systems have found use in a wide range of application areas that were not even imagined before, including medical (e.g., MRI, remote or post-operative monitoring devices, etc.), automotive (e.g., adaptive cruise control, anti-lock brakes, etc.), security systems (e.g., residential security gateways, surveillance devices, etc.), and in- and out-of-body sensing (e.g., capsule swallowed by patients measuring digestive system pH, heart monitors, etc.). Such computing systems, which are completely embedded within the application, are called embedded systems, as opposed to general …

Contributors
Jeyapaul, Reiley, Shrivastava, Aviral, Vrudhula, Sarma, et al.
Created Date
2012

Semiconductor scaling technology has led to a sharp growth in transistor counts. This has resulted in an exponential increase on both power dissipation and heat flux (or power density) in modern microprocessors. These microprocessors are integrated as the major components in many modern embedded devices, which offer richer features and attain higher performance than ever before. Therefore, power and thermal management have become the significant design considerations for modern embedded devices. Dynamic voltage/frequency scaling (DVFS) and dynamic power management (DPM) are two well-known hardware capabilities offered by modern embedded processors. However, the power or thermal aware performance optimization is not …

Contributors
Zhang, Sushu, Chatha, Karam S, Cao, Yu, et al.
Created Date
2012

The use of energy-harvesting in a wireless sensor network (WSN) is essential for situations where it is either difficult or not cost effective to access the network's nodes to replace the batteries. In this paper, the problems involved in controlling an active sensor network that is powered both by batteries and solar energy are investigated. The objective is to develop control strategies to maximize the quality of coverage (QoC), which is defined as the minimum number of targets that must be covered and reported over a 24 hour period. Assuming a time varying solar profile, the problem is to optimally …

Contributors
Gaudette, Benjamin David, Vrudhula, Sarma, Shrivastava, Aviral, et al.
Created Date
2012