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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Date Range
2017 2019


Rapid intraoperative diagnosis of brain tumors is of great importance for planning treatment and guiding the surgeon about the extent of resection. Currently, the standard for the preliminary intraoperative tissue analysis is frozen section biopsy that has major limitations such as tissue freezing and cutting artifacts, sampling errors, lack of immediate interaction between the pathologist and the surgeon, and time consuming. Handheld, portable confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) is being explored in neurosurgery for its ability to image histopathological features of tissue at cellular resolution in real time during brain tumor surgery. Over the course of examination of the surgical tumor …

Contributors
Izady Yazdanabadi, Mohammadhassan, Preul, Mark, Yang, Yezhou, et al.
Created Date
2019

Visual processing in social media platforms is a key step in gathering and understanding information in the era of Internet and big data. Online data is rich in content, but its processing faces many challenges including: varying scales for objects of interest, unreliable and/or missing labels, the inadequacy of single modal data and difficulty in analyzing high dimensional data. Towards facilitating the processing and understanding of online data, this dissertation primarily focuses on three challenges that I feel are of great practical importance: handling scale differences in computer vision tasks, such as facial component detection and face retrieval, developing efficient …

Contributors
Zhou, Xu, Li, Baoxin, Hsiao, Sharon, et al.
Created Date
2018

Virtual digital assistants are automated software systems which assist humans by understanding natural languages such as English, either in voice or textual form. In recent times, a lot of digital applications have shifted towards providing a user experience using natural language interface. The change is brought up by the degree of ease with which the virtual digital assistants such as Google Assistant and Amazon Alexa can be integrated into your application. These assistants make use of a Natural Language Understanding (NLU) system which acts as an interface to translate unstructured natural language data into a structured form. Such an NLU …

Contributors
Garg, Prashant, Baral, Chitta, Kumar, Hemanth, et al.
Created Date
2018

Mixed reality mobile platforms co-locate virtual objects with physical spaces, creating immersive user experiences. To create visual harmony between virtual and physical spaces, the virtual scene must be accurately illuminated with realistic physical lighting. To this end, a system was designed that Generates Light Estimation Across Mixed-reality (GLEAM) devices to continually sense realistic lighting of a physical scene in all directions. GLEAM optionally operate across multiple mobile mixed-reality devices to leverage collaborative multi-viewpoint sensing for improved estimation. The system implements policies that prioritize resolution, coverage, or update interval of the illumination estimation depending on the situational needs of the virtual …

Contributors
Prakash, Siddhant, LiKamWa, Robert, Yang, Yezhou, et al.
Created Date
2018

In recent years, deep learning systems have outperformed traditional machine learning systems in most domains. There has been a lot of research recently in the field of hand gesture recognition using wearable sensors due to the numerous advantages these systems have over vision-based ones. However, due to the lack of extensive datasets and the nature of the Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) data, there are difficulties in applying deep learning techniques to them. Although many machine learning models have good accuracy, most of them assume that training data is available for every user while other works that do not require user …

Contributors
Ramesh, Arun Srivatsa, Gupta, Sandeep K S, Banerjee, Ayan, et al.
Created Date
2018

Handwritten documents have gained popularity in various domains including education and business. A key task in analyzing a complex document is to distinguish between various content types such as text, math, graphics, tables and so on. For example, one such aspect could be a region on the document with a mathematical expression; in this case, the label would be math. This differentiation facilitates the performance of specific recognition tasks depending on the content type. We hypothesize that the recognition accuracy of the subsequent tasks such as textual, math, and shape recognition will increase, further leading to a better analysis of …

Contributors
Faizaan, Shaik Mohammed, VanLehn, Kurt, Cheema, Salman Shaukat, et al.
Created Date
2018

Image Understanding is a long-established discipline in computer vision, which encompasses a body of advanced image processing techniques, that are used to locate (“where”), characterize and recognize (“what”) objects, regions, and their attributes in the image. However, the notion of “understanding” (and the goal of artificial intelligent machines) goes beyond factual recall of the recognized components and includes reasoning and thinking beyond what can be seen (or perceived). Understanding is often evaluated by asking questions of increasing difficulty. Thus, the expected functionalities of an intelligent Image Understanding system can be expressed in terms of the functionalities that are required to …

Contributors
Aditya, Somak, Baral, Chitta, Yang, Yezhou, et al.
Created Date
2018

Network mining has been attracting a lot of research attention because of the prevalence of networks. As the world is becoming increasingly connected and correlated, networks arising from inter-dependent application domains are often collected from different sources, forming the so-called multi-sourced networks. Examples of such multi-sourced networks include critical infrastructure networks, multi-platform social networks, cross-domain collaboration networks, and many more. Compared with single-sourced network, multi-sourced networks bear more complex structures and therefore could potentially contain more valuable information. This thesis proposes a multi-layered HITS (Hyperlink-Induced Topic Search) algorithm to perform the ranking task on multi-sourced networks. Specifically, each node in …

Contributors
Yu, Haichao, Tong, Hanghang, He, Jingrui, et al.
Created Date
2018

With the rise of the Big Data Era, an exponential amount of network data is being generated at an unprecedented rate across a wide-range of high impact micro and macro areas of research---from protein interaction to social networks. The critical challenge is translating this large scale network data into actionable information. A key task in the data translation is the analysis of network connectivity via marked nodes---the primary focus of our research. We have developed a framework for analyzing network connectivity via marked nodes in large scale graphs, utilizing novel algorithms in three interrelated areas: (1) analysis of a single …

Contributors
Freitas, Scott, Tong, Hanghang, Maciejewski, Ross, et al.
Created Date
2018

The performance of most of the visual computing tasks depends on the quality of the features extracted from the raw data. Insightful feature representation increases the performance of many learning algorithms by exposing the underlying explanatory factors of the output for the unobserved input. A good representation should also handle anomalies in the data such as missing samples and noisy input caused by the undesired, external factors of variation. It should also reduce the data redundancy. Over the years, many feature extraction processes have been invented to produce good representations of raw images and videos. The feature extraction processes can …

Contributors
Chandakkar, Parag Shridhar, Li, Baoxin, Yang, Yezhou, et al.
Created Date
2017