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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Contributor
Language
  • English
Status
  • Public
Subject
Date Range
2011 2020


Alzheimer’s disease (AD), is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and gets worse over time. It is the cause of 60% to 70% of cases of dementia. There is growing interest in identifying brain image biomarkers that help evaluate AD risk pre-symptomatically. High-dimensional non-linear pattern classification methods have been applied to structural magnetic resonance images (MRI’s) and used to discriminate between clinical groups in Alzheimers progression. Using Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) as the pre- ferred imaging modality, this thesis develops two independent machine learning based patch analysis methods and uses them to perform six binary classification …

Contributors
Srivastava, Anant, Wang, Yalin, Bansal, Ajay, et al.
Created Date
2017

Detection of extruded features like rooftops and trees in aerial images automatically is a very active area of research. Elevated features identified from aerial imagery have potential applications in urban planning, identifying cover in military training or flight training. Detection of such features using commonly available geospatial data like orthographic aerial imagery is very challenging because rooftop and tree textures are often camouflaged by similar looking features like roads, ground and grass. So, additonal data such as LIDAR, multispectral imagery and multiple viewpoints are exploited for more accurate detection. However, such data is often not available, or may be improperly …

Contributors
Khanna, Kunal, Femiani, John, Wonka, Peter, et al.
Created Date
2013

Online social networks are the hubs of social activity in cyberspace, and using them to exchange knowledge, experiences, and opinions is common. In this work, an advanced topic modeling framework is designed to analyse complex longitudinal health information from social media with minimal human annotation, and Adverse Drug Events and Reaction (ADR) information is extracted and automatically processed by using a biased topic modeling method. This framework improves and extends existing topic modelling algorithms that incorporate background knowledge. Using this approach, background knowledge such as ADR terms and other biomedical knowledge can be incorporated during the text mining process, with …

Contributors
Yang, Jian, Gonzalez, Graciela, Davulcu, Hasan, et al.
Created Date
2017

Continuous Delivery, as one of the youngest and most popular member of agile model family, has become a popular concept and method in software development industry recently. Instead of the traditional software development method, which requirements and solutions must be fixed before starting software developing, it promotes adaptive planning, evolutionary development and delivery, and encourages rapid and flexible response to change. However, several problems prevent Continuous Delivery to be introduced into education world. Taking into the consideration of the barriers, we propose a new Cloud based Continuous Delivery Software Developing System. This system is designed to fully utilize the whole …

Contributors
Deng, Yuli, Huang, Dijiang, Davulcu, Hasan, et al.
Created Date
2013

The adoption of the Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) as the foundation for developing a new generation of software systems - known as Service Based Software Systems (SBS), poses new challenges in system design. While simulation as a methodology serves a principal role in design, there is a growing recognition that simulation of SBS requires modeling capabilities beyond those that are developed for the traditional distributed software systems. In particular, while different component-based modeling approaches may lend themselves to simulating the logical process flows in Service Oriented Computing (SOC) systems, they are inadequate in terms of supporting SOA-compliant modeling. Furthermore, composite …

Contributors
Muqsith, Mohammed Abdul, Sarjoughian, Hessam S, Yau, Sik-Sang, et al.
Created Date
2011

Virtualization technologies are widely used in modern computing systems to deliver shared resources to heterogeneous applications. Virtual Machines (VMs) are the basic building blocks for Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), and containers are widely used to provide Platform as a Service (PaaS). Although it is generally believed that containers have less overhead than VMs, an important tradeoff which has not been thoroughly studied is the effectiveness of performance isolation, i.e., to what extent the virtualization technology prevents the applications from affecting each other’s performance when they share the resources using separate VMs or containers. Such isolation is critical to provide …

Contributors
Huang, Zige, Zhao, Ming, Sarwat, Mohamed, et al.
Created Date
2019

With the inception of World Wide Web, the amount of data present on the internet is tremendous. This makes the task of navigating through this enormous amount of data quite difficult for the user. As users struggle to navigate through this wealth of information, the need for the development of an automated system that can extract the required information becomes urgent. The aim of this thesis is to develop a Question Answering system to ease the process of information retrieval. Question Answering systems have been around for quite some time and are a sub-field of information retrieval and natural language …

Contributors
Chandurkar, Avani, Bansal, Ajay, Bansal, Srividya, et al.
Created Date
2016

Computational visual aesthetics has recently become an active research area. Existing state-of-art methods formulate this as a binary classification task where a given image is predicted to be beautiful or not. In many applications such as image retrieval and enhancement, it is more important to rank images based on their aesthetic quality instead of binary-categorizing them. Furthermore, in such applications, it may be possible that all images belong to the same category. Hence determining the aesthetic ranking of the images is more appropriate. To this end, a novel problem of ranking images with respect to their aesthetic quality is formulated …

Contributors
Gattupalli, Jaya Vijetha R., Li, Baoxin, Davulcu, Hasan, et al.
Created Date
2016

Network traffic analysis by means of Quality of Service (QoS) is a popular research and development area among researchers for a long time. It is becoming even more relevant recently due to ever increasing use of the Internet and other public and private communication networks. Fast and precise QoS analysis is a vital task in mission-critical communication networks (MCCNs), where providing a certain level of QoS is essential for national security, safety or economic vitality. In this thesis, the details of all aspects of a comprehensive computational framework for QoS analysis in MCCNs are provided. There are three main QoS …

Contributors
Senturk, Muhammet Burhan, Li, Jing, Baydogan, Mustafa G, et al.
Created Date
2014

Laboratory automation systems have seen a lot of technological advances in recent times. As a result, the software that is written for them are becoming increasingly sophisticated. Existing software architectures and standards are targeted to a wider domain of software development and need to be customized in order to use them for developing software for laboratory automation systems. This thesis proposes an architecture that is based on existing software architectural paradigms and is specifically tailored to developing software for a laboratory automation system. The architecture is based on fairly autonomous software components that can be distributed across multiple computers. The …

Contributors
Kuppuswamy, Venkataramanan, Meldrum, Deirdre, Collofello, James, et al.
Created Date
2012

Gathering and managing software requirements, known as Requirement Engineering (RE), is a significant and basic step during the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). Any error or defect during the RE step will propagate to further steps of SDLC and resolving it will be more costly than any defect in other steps. In order to produce better quality software, the requirements have to be free of any defects. Verification and Validation (V&V;) of requirements are performed to improve their quality, by performing the V&V; process on the Software Requirement Specification (SRS) document. V&V; of the software requirements focused to a specific …

Contributors
Chughtai, Rehman, Ghazarian, Arbi, Bansal, Ajay, et al.
Created Date
2012

This document presents a new implementation of the Smoothed Particles Hydrodynamics algorithm using DirectX 11 and DirectCompute. The main goal of this document is to present to the reader an alternative solution to the largely studied and researched problem of fluid simulation. Most other solutions have been implemented using the NVIDIA CUDA framework; however, the proposed solution in this document uses the Microsoft general-purpose computing on graphics processing units API. The implementation allows for the simulation of a large number of particles in a real-time scenario. The solution presented here uses the Smoothed Particles Hydrodynamics algorithm to calculate the forces …

Contributors
Figueroa, Gustavo, Farin, Gerald, Maciejewski, Ross, et al.
Created Date
2012

The digital forensics community has neglected email forensics as a process, despite the fact that email remains an important tool in the commission of crime. Current forensic practices focus mostly on that of disk forensics, while email forensics is left as an analysis task stemming from that practice. As there is no well-defined process to be used for email forensics the comprehensiveness, extensibility of tools, uniformity of evidence, usefulness in collaborative/distributed environments, and consistency of investigations are hindered. At present, there exists little support for discovering, acquiring, and representing web-based email, despite its widespread use. To remedy this, a systematic …

Contributors
Paglierani, Justin, Ahn, Gail-Joon, Yau, Stephen S, et al.
Created Date
2013

A volunteered geographic information system, e.g., OpenStreetMap (OSM), collects data from volunteers to generate geospatial maps. To keep the map consistent, volunteers are expected to perform the tedious task of updating the underlying geospatial data at regular intervals. Such a map curation step takes time and considerable human effort. In this thesis, we propose a framework that improves the process of updating geospatial maps by automatically identifying road changes from user-generated GPS traces. Since GPS traces can be sparse and noisy, the proposed framework validates the map changes with the users before propagating them to a publishable version of the …

Contributors
Vementala, Nikhil, Papotti, Paolo, Sarwat, Mohamed, et al.
Created Date
2017

Complex systems are pervasive in science and engineering. Some examples include complex engineered networks such as the internet, the power grid, and transportation networks. The complexity of such systems arises not just from their size, but also from their structure, operation (including control and management), evolution over time, and that people are involved in their design and operation. Our understanding of such systems is limited because their behaviour cannot be characterized using traditional techniques of modelling and analysis. As a step in model development, statistically designed screening experiments may be used to identify the main effects and interactions most significant …

Contributors
Aldaco-Gastelum, Abraham Netzahualcoyotl, Syrotiuk, Violet R., Colbourn, Charles J., et al.
Created Date
2015

In the last few years, there has been a tremendous increase in the use of big data. Most of this data is hard to understand because of its size and dimensions. The importance of this problem can be emphasized by the fact that Big Data Research and Development Initiative was announced by the United States administration in 2012 to address problems faced by the government. Various states and cities in the US gather spatial data about incidents like police calls for service. When we query large amounts of data, it may lead to a lot of questions. For example, when …

Contributors
Tahir, Anique, Elsayed, Mohamed, Hsiao, Ihan, et al.
Created Date
2018

Linear Temporal Logic is gaining increasing popularity as a high level specification language for robot motion planning due to its expressive power and scalability of LTL control synthesis algorithms. This formalism, however, requires expert knowledge and makes it inaccessible to non-expert users. This thesis introduces a graphical specification environment to create high level motion plans to control robots in the field by converting a visual representation of the motion/task plan into a Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) specification. The visual interface is built on the Android tablet platform and provides functionality to create task plans through a set of well defined …

Contributors
Srinivas, Shashank, Fainekos, Georgios, Baral, Chitta, et al.
Created Date
2013

Malicious hackers utilize the World Wide Web to share knowledge. Previous work has demonstrated that information mined from online hacking communities can be used as precursors to cyber-attacks. In a threatening scenario, where security alert systems are facing high false positive rates, understanding the people behind cyber incidents can help reduce the risk of attacks. However, the rapidly evolving nature of those communities leads to limitations still largely unexplored, such as: who are the skilled and influential individuals forming those groups, how they self-organize along the lines of technical expertise, how ideas propagate within them, and which internal patterns can …

Contributors
Santana Marin, Ericsson, Shakarian, Paulo, Doupé, Adam, et al.
Created Date
2020

While developing autonomous intelligent robots has been the goal of many research programs, a more practical application involving intelligent robots is the formation of teams consisting of both humans and robots. An example of such an application is search and rescue operations where robots commanded by humans are sent to environments too dangerous for humans. For such human-robot interaction, natural language is considered a good communication medium as it allows humans with less training about the robot's internal language to be able to command and interact with the robot. However, any natural language communication from the human needs to be …

Contributors
Lumpkin, Barry Thomas, Baral, Chitta, Lee, Joohyung, et al.
Created Date
2012

For systems having computers as a significant component, it becomes a critical task to identify the potential threats that the users of the system can present, while being both inside and outside the system. One of the most important factors that differentiate an insider from an outsider is the fact that the insider being a part of the system, owns privileges that enable him/her access to the resources and processes of the system through valid capabilities. An insider with malicious intent can potentially be more damaging compared to outsiders. The above differences help to understand the notion and scope of …

Contributors
Nolastname, Sharad, Bazzi, Rida, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2019

Objective of this thesis project is to build a prototype using Linear Temporal Logic specifications for generating a 2D motion plan commanding an iRobot to fulfill the specifications. This thesis project was created for Cyber Physical Systems Lab in Arizona State University. The end product of this thesis is creation of a software solution which can be used in the academia and industry for research in cyber physical systems related applications. The major features of the project are: creating a modular system for motion planning, use of Robot Operating System (ROS), use of triangulation for environment decomposition and using stargazer …

Contributors
Pandya, Parth Ashwinkumar, Fainekos, Georgios, Dasgupta, Partha, et al.
Created Date
2013

A load balancer is an essential part of many network systems. A load balancer is capable of dividing and redistributing incoming network traffic to different back end servers, thus improving reliability and performance. Existing load balancing solutions can be classified into two categories: hardware-based or software-based. Hardware-based load balancing systems are hard to manage and force network administrators to scale up (replacing with more powerful but expensive hardware) when their system can not handle the growing traffic. Software-based solutions have a limitation when dealing with a single large TCP flow. In recent years, with the fast developments of virtualization technology, …

Contributors
Wu, Jinxuan, Syrotiuk, Violet R., Bazzi, Rida, et al.
Created Date
2015

Feedback represents a vital component of the learning process and is especially important for Computer Science students. With class sizes that are often large, it can be challenging to provide individualized feedback to students. Consistent, constructive, supportive feedback through a tutoring companion can scaffold the learning process for students. This work contributes to the construction of a tutoring companion designed to provide this feedback to students. It aims to bridge the gap between the messages the compiler delivers, and the support required for a novice student to understand the problem and fix their code. Particularly, it provides support for students …

Contributors
Day, Melissa, Gonzalez-Sanchez, Javier, Bansal, Ajay, et al.
Created Date
2019

Contention based IEEE 802.11MAC uses the binary exponential backoff algorithm (BEB) for the contention resolution. The protocol suffers poor performance in the heavily loaded networks and MANETs, high collision rate and packet drops, probabilistic delay guarantees, and unfairness. Many backoff strategies were proposed to improve the performance of IEEE 802.11 but all ignore the network topology and demand. Persistence is defined as the fraction of time a node is allowed to transmit, when this allowance should take into account topology and load, it is topology and load aware persistence (TLA). We develop a relation between contention window size and the …

Contributors
Bhyravajosyula, Sai Vishnu Kiran, Syrotiuk, Violet R., Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2013

Accurate quantitative information of tumor/lesion volume plays a critical role in diagnosis and treatment assessment. The current clinical practice emphasizes on efficiency, but sacrifices accuracy (bias and precision). In the other hand, many computational algorithms focus on improving the accuracy, but are often time consuming and cumbersome to use. Not to mention that most of them lack validation studies on real clinical data. All of these hinder the translation of these advanced methods from benchside to bedside. In this dissertation, I present a user interactive image application to rapidly extract accurate quantitative information of abnormalities (tumor/lesion) from multi-spectral medical images, …

Contributors
Xue, Wenzhe, Kaufman, David, Mitchell, J. Ross, et al.
Created Date
2016

The success of Bitcoin has generated significant interest in the financial community to understand whether the technological underpinnings of the cryptocurrency paradigm can be leveraged to improve the efficiency of financial processes in the existing infrastructure. Various alternative proposals, most notably, Ripple and Ethereum, aim to provide solutions to the financial community in different ways. These proposals derive their security guarantees from either the computational hardness of proof-of-work or voting based distributed consensus mechanism, both of which can be computationally expensive. Furthermore, the financial audit requirements for a participating financial institutions have not been suitably addressed. This thesis presents a …

Contributors
Gupta, Saurabh, Bazzi, Rida, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2016

A Pairwise Comparison Matrix (PCM) is used to compute for relative priorities of criteria or alternatives and are integral components of widely applied decision making tools: the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and its generalized form, the Analytic Network Process (ANP). However, a PCM suffers from several issues limiting its application to large-scale decision problems, specifically: (1) to the curse of dimensionality, that is, a large number of pairwise comparisons need to be elicited from a decision maker (DM), (2) inconsistent and (3) imprecise preferences maybe obtained due to the limited cognitive power of DMs. This dissertation proposes a PCM Framework …

Contributors
Jalao, Eugene Rex Lazaro, Shunk, Dan L, Wu, Teresa, et al.
Created Date
2013

This dissertation introduces FARCOM (Fortran Adaptive Refiner for Cartesian Orthogonal Meshes), a new general library for adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) based on an unstructured hexahedral mesh framework. As a result of the underlying unstructured formulation, the refinement and coarsening operators of the library operate on a single-cell basis and perform in-situ replacement of old mesh elements. This approach allows for h-refinement without the memory and computational expense of calculating masked coarse grid cells, as is done in traditional patch-based AMR approaches, and enables unstructured flow solvers to have access to the automated domain generation capabilities usually only found in tree …

Contributors
Ballesteros, Carlos Alberto, Herrmann, Marcus, Adrian, Ronald, et al.
Created Date
2019

In motor learning, real-time multi-modal feedback is a critical element in guided training. Serious games have been introduced as a platform for at-home motor training due to their highly interactive and multi-modal nature. This dissertation explores the design of a multimodal environment for at-home training in which an autonomous system observes and guides the user in the place of a live trainer, providing real-time assessment, feedback and difficulty adaptation as the subject masters a motor skill. After an in-depth review of the latest solutions in this field, this dissertation proposes a person-centric approach to the design of this environment, in …

Contributors
Tadayon, Ramin, Panchanathan, Sethuraman, McDaniel, Troy, et al.
Created Date
2017

The advent of the Internet of Things (IoT) and its increasing appearances in Small Office/Home Office (SOHO) networks pose a unique issue to the availability and health of the Internet at large. Many of these devices are shipped insecurely, with poor default user and password credentials and oftentimes the general consumer does not have the technical knowledge of how they may secure their devices and networks. The many vulnerabilities of the IoT coupled with the immense number of existing devices provide opportunities for malicious actors to compromise such devices and use them in large scale distributed denial of service attacks, …

Contributors
Chang, Laurence Hao, Yau, Stephen, Doupe, Adam, et al.
Created Date
2018

In the sport of competitive water skiing, the skill of a human boat driver can affect athletic performance. Driver influence is not necessarily inhibitive to skiers, however, it reduces the fairness and credibility of the sport overall. In response to the stated problem, this thesis proposes a vision-based real-time control system designed specifically for tournament waterski boats. The challenges addressed in this thesis include: one, the segmentation of floating objects in frame sequences captured by a moving camera, two, the identification of segmented objects which fit a predefined model, and three, the accurate and fast estimation of camera position and …

Contributors
Walker, Collin Christopher, Li, Baoxin, Turaga, Pavan, et al.
Created Date
2014

Semantic web is the web of data that provides a common framework and technologies for sharing and reusing data in various applications. In semantic web terminology, linked data is the term used to describe a method of exposing and connecting data on the web from different sources. The purpose of linked data and semantic web is to publish data in an open and standard format and to link this data with existing data on the Linked Open Data Cloud. The goal of this thesis to come up with a semantic framework for integrating and publishing linked data on the web. …

Contributors
Padki, Aparna, Bansal, Srividya, Bansal, Ajay, et al.
Created Date
2016

Text classification, in the artificial intelligence domain, is an activity in which text documents are automatically classified into predefined categories using machine learning techniques. An example of this is classifying uncategorized news articles into different predefined categories such as "Business", "Politics", "Education", "Technology" , etc. In this thesis, supervised machine learning approach is followed, in which a module is first trained with pre-classified training data and then class of test data is predicted. Good feature extraction is an important step in the machine learning approach and hence the main component of this text classifier is semantic triplet based features in …

Contributors
Karad, Ravi Chandravadan, Davulcu, Hasan, Corman, Steven, et al.
Created Date
2013

The Dual Marching Tetrahedra algorithm is a generalization of the Dual Marching Cubes algorithm, used to build a boundary surface around points which have been assigned a particular scalar density value, such as the data produced by and Magnetic Resonance Imaging or Computed Tomography scanner. This boundary acts as a skin between points which are determined to be "inside" and "outside" of an object. However, the DMT is vague in regards to exactly where each vertex of the boundary should be placed, which will not necessarily produce smooth results. Mesh smoothing algorithms which ignore the DMT data structures may distort …

Contributors
Johnson, Sean, Farin, Gerald, Richa, Andrea, et al.
Created Date
2011

Coastal areas are susceptible to man-made disasters, such as oil spills, which not only have a dreadful impact on the lives of coastal communities and businesses but also have lasting and hazardous consequences. The United States coastal areas, especially the Gulf of Mexico, have witnessed devastating oil spills of varied sizes and durations that resulted in major economic and ecological losses. These disasters affected the oil, housing, forestry, tourism, and fishing industries with overall costs exceeding billions of dollars (Baade et al. (2007); Smith et al. (2011)). Extensive research has been done with respect to oil spill simulation techniques, spatial …

Contributors
Pydi Medini, Prannoy Chandra, Maciejewski, Ross, Grubesic, Anthony, et al.
Created Date
2018

Bayesian Additive Regression Trees (BART) is a non-parametric Bayesian model that often outperforms other popular predictive models in terms of out-of-sample error. This thesis studies a modified version of BART called Accelerated Bayesian Additive Regression Trees (XBART). The study consists of simulation and real data experiments comparing XBART to other leading algorithms, including BART. The results show that XBART maintains BART’s predictive power while reducing its computation time. The thesis also describes the development of a Python package implementing XBART. Dissertation/Thesis

Contributors
Yalov, Saar, Hahn, P. Richard, McCulloch, Robert, et al.
Created Date
2019

Dynamic software update (DSU) enables a program to update while it is running. DSU aims to minimize the loss due to program downtime for updates. Usually DSU is done in three steps: suspending the execution of an old program, mapping the execution state from the old program to a new one, and resuming execution of the new program with the mapped state. The semantic correctness of DSU depends largely on the state mapping which is mostly composed by developers manually nowadays. However, the manual construction of a state mapping does not necessarily ensure sound and dependable state mapping. This dissertation …

Contributors
Shen, Jun, Bazzi, Rida A, Fainekos, Georgios, et al.
Created Date
2015

Data from a total of 282 online web applications was collected, and accounts for 230 of those web applications were created in order to gather data about authentication practices, multistep authentication practices, security question practices, fallback authentication practices, and other security practices for online accounts. The account creation and data collection was done between June 2016 and April 2017. The password strengths for online accounts were analyzed and password strength data was compared to existing data. Security questions used by online accounts were evaluated for security and usability, and fallback authentication practices were assessed based on their adherence to best …

Contributors
Gutierrez, Garrett, Bazzi, Rida, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2017

Text Classification is a rapidly evolving area of Data Mining while Requirements Engineering is a less-explored area of Software Engineering which deals the process of defining, documenting and maintaining a software system's requirements. When researchers decided to blend these two streams in, there was research on automating the process of classification of software requirements statements into categories easily comprehensible for developers for faster development and delivery, which till now was mostly done manually by software engineers - indeed a tedious job. However, most of the research was focused on classification of Non-functional requirements pertaining to intangible features such as security, …

Contributors
Swadia, Japa Nimish, Ghazarian, Arbi, Bansal, Srividya, et al.
Created Date
2016

Social media is a medium that contains rich information which has been shared by many users every second every day. This information can be utilized for various outcomes such as understanding user behaviors, learning the effect of social media on a community, and developing a decision-making system based on the information available. With the growing popularity of social networking sites, people can freely express their opinions and feelings which results in a tremendous amount of user-generated data. The rich amount of social media data has opened the path for researchers to study and understand the users’ behaviors and mental health …

Contributors
Kamarudin, Nur Shazwani, Liu, Huan, Davulcu, Hasan, et al.
Created Date
2019

Generative Adversarial Networks are designed, in theory, to replicate the distribution of the data they are trained on. With real-world limitations, such as finite network capacity and training set size, they inevitably suffer a yet unavoidable technical failure: mode collapse. GAN-generated data is not nearly as diverse as the real-world data the network is trained on; this work shows that this effect is especially drastic when the training data is highly non-uniform. Specifically, GANs learn to exacerbate the social biases which exist in the training set along sensitive axes such as gender and race. In an age where many datasets …

Contributors
Jain, Niharika, Kambhampati, Subbarao, Liu, Huan, et al.
Created Date
2020

Nearly 25 years ago, parallel computing techniques were first applied to vector spatial analysis methods. This initial research was driven by the desire to reduce computing times in order to support scaling to larger problem sets. Since this initial work, rapid technological advancement has driven the availability of High Performance Computing (HPC) resources, in the form of multi-core desktop computers, distributed geographic information processing systems, e.g. computational grids, and single site HPC clusters. In step with increases in computational resources, significant advancement in the capabilities to capture and store large quantities of spatially enabled data have been realized. A key …

Contributors
Laura, Jason R., Rey, Sergio J., Anselin, Luc, et al.
Created Date
2015

Proliferation of social media websites and discussion forums in the last decade has resulted in social media mining emerging as an effective mechanism to extract consumer patterns. Most research on social media and pharmacovigilance have concentrated on Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) identification. Such methods employ a step of drug search followed by classification of the associated text as consisting an ADR or not. Although this method works efficiently for ADR classifications, if ADR evidence is present in users posts over time, drug mentions fail to capture such ADRs. It also fails to record additional user information which may provide an …

Contributors
Chandrashekar, Pramod Bharadwaj Chandrashekar, Davulcu, Hasan, Gonzalez, Graciela, et al.
Created Date
2016

The overall contribution of the Minerva Initiative at ASU is to map social organizations in a multidimensional space that provides a measure of their radical or counter radical influence over the demographics of a nation. This tool serves as a simple content management system to store and track project resources like documents, images, videos and web links. It provides centralized and secure access to email conversations among project team members. Conversations are categorized into one of the seven pre-defined categories. Each category is associated with a certain set of keywords and we follow a frequency based approach for matching email …

Contributors
Nair, Apurva, Davulcu, Hasan, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2012

One of the most common errors developers make is to provide incorrect string identifiers across the HTML5-JavaScript-CSS3 stack. The existing literature shows that a significant percentage of defects observed in real-world codebases belong to this category. Existing work focuses on semantic static analysis, while this thesis attempts to tackle the challenges that can be solved using syntactic static analysis. This thesis proposes a tool for quickly identifying defects at the time of injection due to dependencies between HTML5, JavaScript, and CSS3, specifically in syntactic errors in string identifiers. The proposed solution reduces the delta (time) between defect injection and defect …

Contributors
Kalsi, Manit Singh, Gary, Kevin A, Lindquist, Timothy E, et al.
Created Date
2016

The rise in globalization has led to regional climate events having an increased effect on global food security. These indirect first- and second-order effects are generally geographically disparate from the region experiencing the climate event. Without understanding the topology of the food trade network, international aid may be naively directed to the countries directly experiencing the climate event and not to countries that will face potential food insecurity due to that event. This thesis focuses on the development of a visual analytics system for exploring second-order effects of climate change under the lens of global trade. In order to visualize …

Contributors
Seville, Travis Allen, Maciejewski, Ross, Hsiao, I-Han, et al.
Created Date
2017

Muslim radicalism is recognized as one of the greatest security threats for the United States and the rest of the world. Use of force to eliminate specific radical entities is ineffective in containing radicalism as a whole. There is a need to understand the origin, ideologies and behavior of Radical and Counter-Radical organizations and how they shape up over a period of time. Recognizing and supporting counter-radical organizations is one of the most important steps towards impeding radical organizations. A lot of research has already been done to categorize and recognize organizations, to understand their behavior, their interactions with other …

Contributors
Nair, Shreejay, Davulcu, Hasan, Dasgpta, Partha, et al.
Created Date
2012

With the steady advancement of neural network research, new applications are continuously emerging. As a tool for test time reduction, neural networks provide a reliable method of identifying and applying correlations in datasets to speed data processing. By leveraging the power of a deep neural net, it is possible to record the motion of an accelerometer in response to an electrical stimulus and correlate the response with a trim code to reduce the total test time for such sensors. This reduction can be achieved by replacing traditional trimming methods such as physical shaking or mathematical models with a neural net …

Contributors
Debeurre, Nicholas, Ozev, Sule, Vrudhula, Sarma, et al.
Created Date
2019

Computational models for relatively complex systems are subject to many difficulties, among which is the ability for the models to be discretely understandable and applicable to specific problem types and their solutions. This demands the specification of a dynamic system as a collection of models, including metamodels. In this context, new modeling approaches and tools can help provide a richer understanding and, therefore, the development of sophisticated behavior in system dynamics. From this vantage point, an activity specification is proposed as a modeling approach based on a time-based discrete event system abstraction. Such models are founded upon set-theoretic principles and …

Contributors
Alshareef, Abdurrahman, Sarjoughian, Hessam S., Fainekos, Georgios, et al.
Created Date
2019

Cognitive Radios (CR) are designed to dynamically reconfigure their transmission and/or reception parameters to utilize the bandwidth efficiently. With a rapidly fluctuating radio environment, spectrum management becomes crucial for cognitive radios. In a Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Network (CRAHN) setting, the sensing and transmission times of the cognitive radio play a more important role because of the decentralized nature of the network. They have a direct impact on the throughput. Due to the tradeoff between throughput and the sensing time, finding optimal values for sensing time and transmission time is difficult. In this thesis, a method is proposed to improve …

Contributors
Bapat, Namrata, Syrotiuk, Violet R, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2012

Mobile health (mHealth) applications (apps) hold tremendous potential for addressing chronic health conditions. Smartphones are now the most popular form of computing, and the ubiquitous “always with us, always on” nature of mobile technology makes them amenable to interventions aimed and managing chronic disease. Several challenges exist, however, such as the difficulty in determining mHealth effects due to the rapidly changing nature of the technology and the challenges presented to existing methods of evaluation, and the ability to ensure end users consistently use the technology in order to achieve the desired effects. The latter challenge is in adherence, defined as …

Contributors
Singal, Vishakha, Gary, Kevin, Pina, Armando, et al.
Created Date
2019

This thesis studies recommendation systems and considers joint sampling and learning. Sampling in recommendation systems is to obtain users' ratings on specific items chosen by the recommendation platform, and learning is to infer the unknown ratings of users to items given the existing data. In this thesis, the problem is formulated as an adaptive matrix completion problem in which sampling is to reveal the unknown entries of a $U\times M$ matrix where $U$ is the number of users, $M$ is the number of items, and each entry of the $U\times M$ matrix represents the rating of a user to an …

Contributors
Zhu, Lingfang, Xue, Guoliang, He, Jingrui, et al.
Created Date
2015

Research literature was reviewed to find recommended tools and technologies for operating Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) fleets in an urban environment. However, restrictive legislation prohibits fully autonomous flight without an operator. Existing literature covers considerations for operating UAS fleets in a controlled environment, with an emphasis on the effect different networking approaches have on the topology of the UAS network. The primary network topology used to implement UAS communications is 802.11 protocols, which can transmit telemetry and a video stream using off the shelf hardware. Other implementations use low-frequency radios for long distance communication, or higher latency 4G LTE modems …

Contributors
D'Souza, Daniel, Panchanathan, Sethuraman, Berman, Spring, et al.
Created Date
2018

The marked increase in the inflow of remotely sensed data from satellites have trans- formed the Earth and Space Sciences to a data rich domain creating a rich repository for domain experts to analyze. These observations shed light on a diverse array of disciplines ranging from monitoring Earth system components to planetary explo- ration by highlighting the expected trend and patterns in the data. However, the complexity of these patterns from local to global scales, coupled with the volume of this ever-growing repository necessitates advanced techniques to sequentially process the datasets to determine the underlying trends. Such techniques essentially model …

Contributors
Chakraborty, Srija, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Christensen, Philip, et al.
Created Date
2019

Automating aspects of biocuration through biomedical information extraction could significantly impact biomedical research by enabling greater biocuration throughput and improving the feasibility of a wider scope. An important step in biomedical information extraction systems is named entity recognition (NER), where mentions of entities such as proteins and diseases are located within natural-language text and their semantic type is determined. This step is critical for later tasks in an information extraction pipeline, including normalization and relationship extraction. BANNER is a benchmark biomedical NER system using linear-chain conditional random fields and the rich feature set approach. A case study with BANNER locating …

Contributors
Leaman, James Robert, Gonzalez, Graciela, Baral, Chitta, et al.
Created Date
2013

An old proverb claims that “two heads are better than one”. Crowdsourcing research and practice have taken this to heart, attempting to show that thousands of heads can be even better. This is not limited to leveraging a crowd’s knowledge, but also their creativity—the ability to generate something not only useful, but also novel. In practice, there are initiatives such as Free and Open Source Software communities developing innovative software. In research, the field of crowdsourced creativity, which attempts to design scalable support mechanisms, is blooming. However, both contexts still present many opportunities for advancement. In this dissertation, I seek …

Contributors
da Silva Girotto, Victor Augusto, Walker, Erin A, Burleson, Winslow, et al.
Created Date
2019

Affect signals what humans care about and is involved in rational decision-making and action selection. Many technologies may be improved by the capability to recognize human affect and to respond adaptively by appropriately modifying their operation. This capability, named affect-driven self-adaptation, benefits systems as diverse as learning environments, healthcare applications, and video games, and indeed has the potential to improve systems that interact intimately with users across all sectors of society. The main challenge is that existing approaches to advancing affect-driven self-adaptive systems typically limit their applicability by supporting the creation of one-of-a-kind systems with hard-wired affect recognition and self-adaptation …

Contributors
Gonzalez Sanchez, Javier, Burleson, Winslow, Collofello, James, et al.
Created Date
2016

From 2D planar MOSFET to 3D FinFET, the geometry of semiconductor devices is getting more and more complex. Correspondingly, the number of mesh grid points increases largely to maintain the accuracy of carrier transport and heat transfer simulations. By substituting the conventional uniform mesh with non-uniform mesh, one can reduce the number of grid points. However, the problem of how to solve governing equations on non-uniform mesh is then imposed to the numerical solver. Moreover, if a device simulator is integrated into a multi-scale simulator, the problem size will be further increased. Consequently, there exist two challenges for the current …

Contributors
Guo, Xinchen, Vasileska, Dragica, Goodnick, Stephen, et al.
Created Date
2015

Imagine that we have a piece of matter that can change its physical properties like its shape, density, conductivity, or color in a programmable fashion based on either user input or autonomous sensing. This is the vision behind what is commonly known as programmable matter. Envisioning systems of nano-sensors devices, programmable matter consists of systems of simple computational elements, called particles, that can establish and release bonds, compute, and can actively move in a self-organized way. In this dissertation the feasibility of solving fundamental problems relevant for programmable matter is investigated. As a model for such self-organizing particle systems (SOPS), …

Contributors
Derakhshandeh, Zahra, Richa, Andrea, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2017

In the last 15 years, there has been a significant increase in the number of motor neural prostheses used for restoring limb function lost due to neurological disorders or accidents. The aim of this technology is to enable patients to control a motor prosthesis using their residual neural pathways (central or peripheral). Recent studies in non-human primates and humans have shown the possibility of controlling a prosthesis for accomplishing varied tasks such as self-feeding, typing, reaching, grasping, and performing fine dexterous movements. A neural decoding system comprises mainly of three components: (i) sensors to record neural signals, (ii) an algorithm …

Contributors
Padmanaban, Subash, Greger, Bradley, Santello, Marco, et al.
Created Date
2017

In this thesis, I propose a new technique of Aligning English sentence words with its Semantic Representation using Inductive Logic Programming(ILP). My work focusses on Abstract Meaning Representation(AMR). AMR is a semantic formalism to English natural language. It encodes meaning of a sentence in a rooted graph. This representation has gained attention for its simplicity and expressive power. An AMR Aligner aligns words in a sentence to nodes(concepts) in its AMR graph. As AMR annotation has no explicit alignment with words in English sentence, automatic alignment becomes a requirement for training AMR parsers. The aligner in this work comprises of …

Contributors
Agarwal, Shubham, Baral, Chitta, Li, Baoxin, et al.
Created Date
2017

Since the advent of the internet and even more after social media platforms, the explosive growth of textual data and its availability has made analysis a tedious task. Information extraction systems are available but are generally too specific and often only extract certain kinds of information they deem necessary and extraction worthy. Using data visualization theory and fast, interactive querying methods, leaving out information might not really be necessary. This thesis explores textual data visualization techniques, intuitive querying, and a novel approach to all-purpose textual information extraction to encode large text corpus to improve human understanding of the information present …

Contributors
Hashmi, Syed Usama, Bansal, Ajay, Bansal, Srividya, et al.
Created Date
2018

Mobile data collection (MDC) applications have been growing in the last decade especially in the field of education and research. Although many MDC applications are available, almost all of them are tailor-made for a very specific task in a very specific field (i.e. health, traffic, weather forecasts, …etc.). Since the main users of these apps are researchers, physicians or generally data collectors, it can be extremely challenging for them to make adjustments or modifications to these applications given that they have limited or no technical background in coding. Another common issue with MDC applications is that its functionalities are limited …

Contributors
Al-Kaf, Zahra M., Lindquist, Timothy E, Bansal, Srividya, et al.
Created Date
2016

Cyber systems, including IoT (Internet of Things), are increasingly being used ubiquitously to vastly improve the efficiency and reduce the cost of critical application areas, such as finance, transportation, defense, and healthcare. Over the past two decades, computing efficiency and hardware cost have dramatically been improved. These improvements have made cyber systems omnipotent, and control many aspects of human lives. Emerging trends in successful cyber system breaches have shown increasing sophistication in attacks and that attackers are no longer limited by resources, including human and computing power. Most existing cyber defense systems for IoT systems have two major issues: (1) …

Contributors
Buduru, Arun Balaji, Yau, Sik-Sang, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2016

Lecture videos are a widely used resource for learning. A simple way to create videos is to record live lectures, but these videos end up being lengthy, include long pauses and repetitive words making the viewing experience time consuming. While pauses are useful in live learning environments where students take notes, I question the value of pauses in video lectures. Techniques and algorithms that can shorten such videos can have a huge impact in saving students’ time and reducing storage space. I study this problem of shortening videos by removing long pauses and adaptively modifying the playback rate by emphasizing …

Contributors
Purushothama Shenoy, Sreenivas, Amresh, Ashish, Femiani, John, et al.
Created Date
2016

As digital images are transmitted over the network or stored on a disk, image processing is done as part of the standard for efficient storage and bandwidth. This causes some amount of distortion or artifacts in the image which demands the need for quality assessment. Subjective image quality assessment is expensive, time consuming and influenced by the subject's perception. Hence, there is a need for developing mathematical models that are capable of predicting the quality evaluation. With the advent of the information era and an exponential growth in image/video generation and consumption, the requirement for automated quality assessment has become …

Contributors
Kannan, Vignesh, Sohoni, Sohum, Ren, Fengbo, et al.
Created Date
2016

Internet of Things (IoT) is emerging as part of the infrastructures for advancing a large variety of applications involving connections of many intelligent devices, leading to smart communities. Due to the severe limitation of the computing resources of IoT devices, it is common to offload tasks of various applications requiring substantial computing resources to computing systems with sufficient computing resources, such as servers, cloud systems, and/or data centers for processing. However, this offloading method suffers from both high latency and network congestion in the IoT infrastructures. Recently edge computing has emerged to reduce the negative impacts of tasks offloading to …

Contributors
Song, Yaozhong, Yau, Sik-Sang, Huang, Dijiang, et al.
Created Date
2018

Smart cities are the next wave of rapid expansion of Internet of Things (IoT). A smart city is a designation given to a city that incorporates information and communication technologies (ICT) to enhance the quality and performance of urban services, such as energy, transportation, healthcare, communications, entertainments, education, e-commerce, businesses, city management, and utilities, to reduce resource consumption, wastage and overall costs. The overarching aim of a smart city is to enhance the quality of living for its residents and businesses, through technology. In a large ecosystem, like a smart city, many organizations and companies collaborate with the smart city …

Contributors
Mishra, Vineet, Yau, Sik-Sang, Goul, Michael K, et al.
Created Date
2017

With the recent expansion in the use of wearable technology, a large number of users access personal data with these smart devices. The consumer market of wearables includes smartwatches, health and fitness bands, and gesture control armbands. These smart devices enable users to communicate with each other, control other devices, relax and work out more effectively. As part of their functionality, these devices store, transmit, and/or process sensitive user personal data, perhaps biological and location data, making them an abundant source of confidential user information. Thus, prevention of unauthorized access to wearables is necessary. In fact, it is important to …

Contributors
Mukherjee, Tamalika, Yau, Sik-Sang, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2017

Currently, educational games are designed with the educational content as the primary factor driving the design of the game. While this may seem to be the optimal approach, this design paradigm causes multiple issues. For one, the games themselves are often not engaging as game design principles were put aside in favor of increasing the educational value of the game. The other issue is that the code base of the game is mostly or completely unusable for any other games as the game mechanics are too strongly connected to the educational content being taught. This means that the mechanics are …

Contributors
Baron, Tyler John, Amresh, Ashish, Nelson, Brian C, et al.
Created Date
2017

Majority of the Sensor networks consist of low-cost autonomously powered devices, and are used to collect data in physical world. Today's sensor network deployments are mostly application specific & owned by a particular entity. Because of this application specific nature & the ownership boundaries, this modus operandi hinders large scale sensing & overall network operational capacity. The main goal of this research work is to create a mechanism to dynamically form personal area networks based on mote class devices spanning ownership boundaries. When coupled with an overlay based control system, this architecture can be conveniently used by a remote client …

Contributors
Fernando, Meddage Saliya, Dasgupta, Partha, Bhattacharya, Amiya, et al.
Created Date
2013

Predicting when an individual will adopt a new behavior is an important problem in application domains such as marketing and public health. This thesis examines the performance of a wide variety of social network based measurements proposed in the literature - which have not been previously compared directly. This research studies the probability of an individual becoming influenced based on measurements derived from neighborhood (i.e. number of influencers, personal network exposure), structural diversity, locality, temporal measures, cascade measures, and metadata. It also examines the ability to predict influence based on choice of the classifier and how the ratio of positive …

Contributors
Nanda Kumar, Nikhil, Shakarian, Paulo, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2016

With the software-defined networking trend growing, several network virtualization controllers have been developed in recent years. These controllers, also called network hypervisors, attempt to manage physical SDN based networks so that multiple tenants can safely share the same forwarding plane hardware without risk of being affected by or affecting other tenants. However, many areas remain unexplored by current network hypervisor implementations. This thesis presents and evaluates some of the features offered by network hypervisors, such as full header space availability, isolation, and transparent traffic forwarding capabilities for tenants. Flow setup time and throughput are also measured and compared among different …

Contributors
Stall Rechia, Felipe, Syrotiuk, Violet R, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2016

This article proposes a new information-based subdata selection (IBOSS) algorithm, Squared Scaled Distance Algorithm (SSDA). It is based on the invariance of the determinant of the information matrix under orthogonal transformations, especially rotations. Extensive simulation results show that the new IBOSS algorithm retains nice asymptotic properties of IBOSS and gives a larger determinant of the subdata information matrix. It has the same order of time complexity as the D-optimal IBOSS algorithm. However, it exploits the advantages of vectorized calculation avoiding for loops and is approximately 6 times as fast as the D-optimal IBOSS algorithm in R. The robustness of SSDA …

Contributors
Zheng, Yi, Stufken, John, Reiser, Mark, et al.
Created Date
2017

There has been a lot of research in the field of artificial intelligence about thinking machines. Alan Turing proposed a test to observe a machine's intelligent behaviour with respect to natural language conversation. The Winograd schema challenge is suggested as an alternative, to the Turing test. It needs inferencing capabilities, reasoning abilities and background knowledge to get the answer right. It involves a coreference resolution task in which a machine is given a sentence containing a situation which involves two entities, one pronoun and some more information about the situation and the machine has to come up with the right …

Contributors
Budukh, Tejas Ulhas, Baral, Chitta, Vanlehn, Kurt, et al.
Created Date
2013

Facial Expressions Recognition using the Convolution Neural Network has been actively researched upon in the last decade due to its high number of applications in the human-computer interaction domain. As Convolution Neural Networks have the exceptional ability to learn, they outperform the methods using handcrafted features. Though the state-of-the-art models achieve high accuracy on the lab-controlled images, they still struggle for the wild expressions. Wild expressions are captured in a real-world setting and have natural expressions. Wild databases have many challenges such as occlusion, variations in lighting conditions and head poses. In this work, I address these challenges and propose …

Contributors
Chhabra, Sachin, Li, Baoxin, Venkateswara, Hemanth, et al.
Created Date
2019

Distributed systems are prone to attacks, called Sybil attacks, wherein an adversary may generate an unbounded number of bogus identities to gain control over the system. In this thesis, an algorithm, DownhillFlow, for mitigating such attacks is presented and tested experimentally. The trust rankings produced by the algorithm are significantly better than those of the distributed SybilGuard protocol and only slightly worse than those of the best-known Sybil defense algorithm, ACL. The results obtained for ACL are consistent with those obtained in previous studies. The running times of the algorithms are also tested and two results are obtained: first, DownhillFlow’s …

Contributors
Bradley, Michael, Bazzi, Rida, Richa, Andrea, et al.
Created Date
2018

Passwords are ubiquitous and are poised to stay that way due to their relative usability, security and deployability when compared with alternative authentication schemes. Unfortunately, humans struggle with some of the assumptions or requirements that are necessary for truly strong passwords. As administrators try to push users towards password complexity and diversity, users still end up using predictable mangling patterns on old passwords and reusing the same passwords across services; users even inadvertently converge on the same patterns to a surprising degree, making an attacker’s job easier. This work explores using machine learning techniques to pick out strong passwords from …

Contributors
Todd, Margaret Nicole, Xue, Guoliang, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2016

As the information available to lay users through autonomous data sources continues to increase, mediators become important to ensure that the wealth of information available is tapped effectively. A key challenge that these information mediators need to handle is the varying levels of incompleteness in the underlying databases in terms of missing attribute values. Existing approaches such as Query Processing over Incomplete Autonomous Databases (QPIAD) aim to mine and use Approximate Functional Dependencies (AFDs) to predict and retrieve relevant incomplete tuples. These approaches make independence assumptions about missing values--which critically hobbles their performance when there are tuples containing missing values …

Contributors
Raghunathan, Rohit, Kambhampati, Subbarao, Liu, Huan, et al.
Created Date
2011

Attribute Based Access Control (ABAC) mechanisms have been attracting a lot of interest from the research community in recent times. This is especially because of the flexibility and extensibility it provides by using attributes assigned to subjects as the basis for access control. ABAC enables an administrator of a server to enforce access policies on the data, services and other such resources fairly easily. It also accommodates new policies and changes to existing policies gracefully, thereby making it a potentially good mechanism for implementing access control in large systems, particularly in today's age of Cloud Computing. However management of the …

Contributors
Prabhu Verleker, Ashwin Narayan, Huang, Dijiang, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2014

Security has been one of the top concerns in cloud community while cloud resource abuse and malicious insiders are considered as top threats. Traditionally, Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) and Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS) have been widely deployed to manipulate cloud security, with the latter one providing additional prevention capability. However, as one of the most creative networking technologies, Software-Defined Networking (SDN) is rarely used to implement IDPS in the cloud computing environment because the lack of comprehensive development framework and processing flow. Simply migration from traditional IDS/IPS systems to SDN environment are not effective enough for detecting and defending malicious …

Contributors
Xiong, Zhengyang, Huang, Dijiang, Xue, Guoliang, et al.
Created Date
2014

The rapid advancements of technology have greatly extended the ubiquitous nature of smartphones acting as a gateway to numerous social media applications. This brings an immense convenience to the users of these applications wishing to stay connected to other individuals through sharing their statuses, posting their opinions, experiences, suggestions, etc on online social networks (OSNs). Exploring and analyzing this data has a great potential to enable deep and fine-grained insights into the behavior, emotions, and language of individuals in a society. This proposed dissertation focuses on utilizing these online social footprints to research two main threads – 1) Analysis: to …

Contributors
Manikonda, Lydia, Kambhampati, Subbarao, Liu, Huan, et al.
Created Date
2019

As persistent non-volatile memory solutions become integrated in the computing ecosystem and landscape, traditional commodity file systems architected and developed for traditional block I/O based memory solutions must be reevaluated. A majority of commodity file systems have been architected and designed with the goal of managing data on non-volatile storage devices such as hard disk drives (HDDs) and solid state drives (SSDs). HDDs and SSDs are attached to a computing system via a controller or I/O hub, often referred to as the southbridge. The point of HDD and SSD attachment creates multiple levels of translation for any data managed by …

Contributors
Robles, Raymond C., Syrotiuk, Violet, Sohoni, Sohum, et al.
Created Date
2016

With the increasing complexity of computing systems and the rise in the number of risks and vulnerabilities, it is necessary to provide a scalable security situation awareness tool to assist the system administrator in protecting the critical assets, as well as managing the security state of the system. There are many methods to provide security states' analysis and management. For instance, by using a Firewall to manage the security state, and/or a graphical analysis tools such as attack graphs for analysis. Attack Graphs are powerful graphical security analysis tools as they provide a visual representation of all possible attack scenarios …

Contributors
Sabur, Abdulhakim, Huang, Dijiang, Zhang, Yancho, et al.
Created Date
2018

Image processing has changed the way we store, view and share images. One important component of sharing images over the networks is image compression. Lossy image compression techniques compromise the quality of images to reduce their size. To ensure that the distortion of images due to image compression is not highly detectable by humans, the perceived quality of an image needs to be maintained over a certain threshold. Determining this threshold is best done using human subjects, but that is impractical in real-world scenarios. As a solution to this issue, image quality assessment (IQA) algorithms are used to automatically compute …

Contributors
Gupta, Ayush, Sohoni, Sohum, Amresh, Ashish, et al.
Created Date
2017

In traditional networks the control and data plane are highly coupled, hindering development. With Software Defined Networking (SDN), the two planes are separated, allowing innovations on either one independently of the other. Here, the control plane is formed by the applications that specify an organization's policy and the data plane contains the forwarding logic. The application sends all commands to an SDN controller which then performs the requested action on behalf of the application. Generally, the requested action is a modification to the flow tables, present in the switches, to reflect a change in the organization's policy. There are a …

Contributors
Natarajan, Janakarajan, Huang, Dijiang, Syrotiuk, Violet R, et al.
Created Date
2016

This thesis aims to explore the language of different bodies in the field of dance by analyzing the habitual patterns of dancers from different backgrounds and vernaculars. Contextually, the term habitual patterns is defined as the postures or poses that tend to re-appear, often unintentionally, as the dancer performs improvisational dance. The focus lies in exposing the movement vocabulary of a dancer to reveal his/her unique fingerprint. The proposed approach for uncovering these movement patterns is to use a clustering technique; mainly k-means. In addition to a static method of analysis, this paper uses an online method of clustering using …

Contributors
Iyengar, Varsha, Xin Wei, Sha, Turaga, Pavan, et al.
Created Date
2016

With the advent of GPGPU, many applications are being accelerated by using CUDA programing paradigm. We are able to achieve around 10x -100x speedups by simply porting the application on to the GPU and running the parallel chunk of code on its multi cored SIMT (Single instruction multiple thread) architecture. But for optimal performance it is necessary to make sure that all the GPU resources are efficiently used, and the latencies in the application are minimized. For this, it is essential to monitor the Hardware usage of the algorithm and thus diagnose the compute and memory bottlenecks in the implementation. …

Contributors
Wadekar, Ameya Rajendra, Sohoni, Sohum, Aukes, Daniel, et al.
Created Date
2017

With the advent of social media (like Twitter, Facebook etc.,) people are easily sharing their opinions, sentiments and enforcing their ideologies on others like never before. Even people who are otherwise socially inactive would like to share their thoughts on current affairs by tweeting and sharing news feeds with their friends and acquaintances. In this thesis study, we chose Twitter as our main data platform to analyze shifts and movements of 27 political organizations in Indonesia. So far, we have collected over 30 million tweets and 150,000 news articles from RSS feeds of the corresponding organizations for our analysis. For …

Contributors
Poornachandran, Sathishkumar, Davulcu, Hasan, Sen, Arunabha, et al.
Created Date
2013

Social networking sites like Twitter have provided people a platform to connect with each other, to discuss and share information and news or to entertain themselves. As the number of users continues to grow there has been explosive growth in the data generated by these users. Such a vast data source has provided researchers a way to study and monitor public health. Accurately analyzing tweets is a difficult task mainly because of their short length, the inventive spellings and creative language expressions. Instead of focusing at the topic level, identifying tweets that have personal health experience mentions would be more …

Contributors
Gondane, Shubham Bhagwan, Baral, Chitta, Anwar, Saadat, et al.
Created Date
2019

Lots of previous studies have analyzed human tutoring at great depths and have shown expert human tutors to produce effect sizes, which is twice of that produced by an intelligent tutoring system (ITS). However, there has been no consensus on which factor makes them so effective. It is important to know this, so that same phenomena can be replicated in an ITS in order to achieve the same level of proficiency as expert human tutors. Also, to the best of my knowledge no one has looked at student reactions when they are working with a computer based tutor. The answers …

Contributors
Ranganathan, Rajagopalan, Vanlehn, Kurt, Atkinson, Robert, et al.
Created Date
2011

In this era of high-tech computer advancements and tremendous programmable computer capabilities, construction cost estimation still remains a knowledge-intensive and experience driven task. High reliance on human expertise, and less accuracy in the decision support tools render cost estimation error prone. Arriving at accurate cost estimates is of paramount importance because it forms the basis of most of the financial, design, and executive decisions concerning the project at subsequent stages. As its unique contribution to the body of knowledge, this paper analyzes the deviations and behavior of costs associated with different construction activities involved in commercial office tenant improvement (TI) …

Contributors
Ghosh, Arunabho, Grau, David, Ayer, Steven, et al.
Created Date
2016

For this master's thesis, an open learner model is integrated with Quinn, a teachable robotic agent developed at Arizona State University. This system is represented as a feedback system, which aims to improve a student’s understanding of a subject. It also helps to understand the effect of the learner model when it is represented by performance of the teachable agent. The feedback system represents performance of the teachable agent, and not of a student. Data in the feedback system is thus updated according to a student's understanding of the subject. This provides students an opportunity to enhance their understanding of …

Contributors
Upadhyay, Abha, Walker, Erin, Nelson, Brian, et al.
Created Date
2016

The purpose of this research is to efficiently analyze certain data provided and to see if a useful trend can be observed as a result. This trend can be used to analyze certain probabilities. There are three main pieces of data which are being analyzed in this research: The value for δ of the call and put option, the %B value of the stock, and the amount of time until expiration of the stock option. The %B value is the most important. The purpose of analyzing the data is to see the relationship between the variables and, given certain values, …

Contributors
Reeves, Michael Thomas, Richa, Andrea, McCarville, Daniel, et al.
Created Date
2015

Online learning communities have changed the way users learn due to the technological affordances web 2.0 has offered. This shift has produced different kinds of learning communities like massive open online courses (MOOCs), learning management systems (LMS) and question and answer based learning communities. Question and answer based communities are an important part of social information seeking. Thousands of users participate in question and answer based communities on the web like Stack Overflow, Yahoo Answers and Wiki Answers. Research in user participation in different online communities identifies a universal phenomenon that a few users are responsible for answering a high …

Contributors
Samala, Ritesh Reddy, Walker, Erin, VanLehn, Kurt, et al.
Created Date
2015

Wireless communication technologies have been playing an important role in modern society. Due to its inherent mobility property, wireless networks are more vulnerable to passive attacks than traditional wired networks. Anonymity, as an important issue in mobile network environment, serves as the first topic that leads to all the research work presented in this manuscript. Specifically, anonymity issue in Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs) is discussed with details as the first section of research. To thoroughly study on this topic, the presented work approaches it from an attacker's perspective. Under a perfect scenario, all the traffic in a targeted MANET …

Contributors
Li, Bing, Huang, Dijiang, Xue, Guoliang, et al.
Created Date
2016

Answer Set Programming (ASP) is one of the most prominent and successful knowledge representation paradigms. The success of ASP is due to its expressive non-monotonic modeling language and its efficient computational methods originating from building propositional satisfiability solvers. The wide adoption of ASP has motivated several extensions to its modeling language in order to enhance expressivity, such as incorporating aggregates and interfaces with ontologies. Also, in order to overcome the grounding bottleneck of computation in ASP, there are increasing interests in integrating ASP with other computing paradigms, such as Constraint Programming (CP) and Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT). Due to the …

Contributors
Meng, Yunsong, Lee, Joohyung, Ahn, Gail-Joon, et al.
Created Date
2013

Question Answering has been under active research for decades, but it has recently taken the spotlight following IBM Watson's success in Jeopardy! and digital assistants such as Apple's Siri, Google Now, and Microsoft Cortana through every smart-phone and browser. However, most of the research in Question Answering aims at factual questions rather than deep ones such as ``How'' and ``Why'' questions. In this dissertation, I suggest a different approach in tackling this problem. We believe that the answers of deep questions need to be formally defined before found. Because these answers must be defined based on something, it is better …

Contributors
Vo, Nguyen Ha, Baral, Chitta, Lee, Joohyung, et al.
Created Date
2015

The burden of adaptation has been a major limiting factor in the adoption rates of new wearable assistive technologies. This burden has created a necessity for the exploration and combination of two key concepts in the development of upcoming wearables: anticipation and invisibility. The combination of these two topics has created the field of Anticipatory and Invisible Interfaces (AII) In this dissertation, a novel framework is introduced for the development of anticipatory devices that augment the proprioceptive system in individuals with neurodegenerative disorders in a seamless way that scaffolds off of existing cognitive feedback models. The framework suggests three main …

Contributors
Tadayon, Arash, Panchanathan, Sethuraman, McDaniel, Troy, et al.
Created Date
2020

This dissertation presents the Temporal Event Query Language (TEQL), a new language for querying event streams. Event Stream Processing enables online querying of streams of events to extract relevant data in a timely manner. TEQL enables querying of interval-based event streams using temporal database operators. Temporal databases and temporal query languages have been a subject of research for more than 30 years and are a natural fit for expressing queries that involve a temporal dimension. However, operators developed in this context cannot be directly applied to event streams. The research extends a preexisting relational framework for event stream processing to …

Contributors
Shiva, Foruhar Ali, Urban, Susan D, Chen, Yi, et al.
Created Date
2012