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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Contributor
Status
  • Public
Date Range
2010 2019


The depth richness of a scene translates into a spatially variable defocus blur in the acquired image. Blurring can mislead computational image understanding; therefore, blur detection can be used for selective image enhancement of blurred regions and the application of image understanding algorithms to sharp regions. This work focuses on blur detection and its application to image enhancement. This work proposes a spatially-varying defocus blur detection based on the quotient of spectral bands; additionally, to avoid the use of computationally intensive algorithms for the segmentation of foreground and background regions, a global threshold defined using weak textured regions on the …

Contributors
Andrade Rodas, Juan Manuel, Spanias, Andreas, Turaga, Pavan, et al.
Created Date
2019

Machine learning has demonstrated great potential across a wide range of applications such as computer vision, robotics, speech recognition, drug discovery, material science, and physics simulation. Despite its current success, however, there are still two major challenges for machine learning algorithms: limited robustness and generalizability. The robustness of a neural network is defined as the stability of the network output under small input perturbations. It has been shown that neural networks are very sensitive to input perturbations, and the prediction from convolutional neural networks can be totally different for input images that are visually indistinguishable to human eyes. Based on …

Contributors
Yao, Houpu, Ren, Yi, Liu, Yongming, et al.
Created Date
2019

The advent of commercial inexpensive sensors and the advances in information and communication technology (ICT) have brought forth the era of pervasive Quantified-Self. Automatic diet monitoring is one of the most important aspects for Quantified-Self because it is vital for ensuring the well-being of patients suffering from chronic diseases as well as for providing a low cost means for maintaining the health for everyone else. Automatic dietary monitoring consists of: a) Determining the type and amount of food intake, and b) Monitoring eating behavior, i.e., time, frequency, and speed of eating. Although there are some existing techniques towards these ends, …

Contributors
Lee, Junghyo, Gupta, Sandeep K.S., Banerjee, Ayan, et al.
Created Date
2019

Feature embeddings differ from raw features in the sense that the former obey certain properties like notion of similarity/dissimilarity in it's embedding space. word2vec is a preeminent example in this direction, where the similarity in the embedding space is measured in terms of the cosine similarity. Such language embedding models have seen numerous applications in both language and vision community as they capture the information in the modality (English language) efficiently. Inspired by these language models, this work focuses on learning embedding spaces for two visual computing tasks, 1. Image Hashing 2. Zero Shot Learning. The training set was used …

Contributors
Gattupalli, Jaya Vijetha Reddy, Li, Baoxin, Yang, Yezhou, et al.
Created Date
2019

The rapid advancements of technology have greatly extended the ubiquitous nature of smartphones acting as a gateway to numerous social media applications. This brings an immense convenience to the users of these applications wishing to stay connected to other individuals through sharing their statuses, posting their opinions, experiences, suggestions, etc on online social networks (OSNs). Exploring and analyzing this data has a great potential to enable deep and fine-grained insights into the behavior, emotions, and language of individuals in a society. This proposed dissertation focuses on utilizing these online social footprints to research two main threads – 1) Analysis: to …

Contributors
Manikonda, Lydia, Kambhampati, Subbarao, Liu, Huan, et al.
Created Date
2019

Despite the fact that machine learning supports the development of computer vision applications by shortening the development cycle, finding a general learning algorithm that solves a wide range of applications is still bounded by the ”no free lunch theorem”. The search for the right algorithm to solve a specific problem is driven by the problem itself, the data availability and many other requirements. Automated visual inspection (AVI) systems represent a major part of these challenging computer vision applications. They are gaining growing interest in the manufacturing industry to detect defective products and keep these from reaching customers. The process of …

Contributors
Haddad, Bashar Muneer, Karam, Lina, Li, Baoxin, et al.
Created Date
2019

Facial Expressions Recognition using the Convolution Neural Network has been actively researched upon in the last decade due to its high number of applications in the human-computer interaction domain. As Convolution Neural Networks have the exceptional ability to learn, they outperform the methods using handcrafted features. Though the state-of-the-art models achieve high accuracy on the lab-controlled images, they still struggle for the wild expressions. Wild expressions are captured in a real-world setting and have natural expressions. Wild databases have many challenges such as occlusion, variations in lighting conditions and head poses. In this work, I address these challenges and propose …

Contributors
Chhabra, Sachin, Li, Baoxin, Venkateswara, Hemanth, et al.
Created Date
2019

In this thesis, a new approach to learning-based planning is presented where critical regions of an environment with low probability measure are learned from a given set of motion plans. Critical regions are learned using convolutional neural networks (CNN) to improve sampling processes for motion planning (MP). In addition to an identification network, a new sampling-based motion planner, Learn and Link, is introduced. This planner leverages critical regions to overcome the limitations of uniform sampling while still maintaining guarantees of correctness inherent to sampling-based algorithms. Learn and Link is evaluated against planners from the Open Motion Planning Library (OMPL) on …

Contributors
Molina, Daniel Antonio, Srivastava, Siddharth, Li, Baoxin, et al.
Created Date
2019

Information forensics and security have come a long way in just a few years thanks to the recent advances in biometric recognition. The main challenge remains a proper design of a biometric modality that can be resilient to unconstrained conditions, such as quality distortions. This work presents a solution to face and ear recognition under unconstrained visual variations, with a main focus on recognition in the presence of blur, occlusion and additive noise distortions. First, the dissertation addresses the problem of scene variations in the presence of blur, occlusion and additive noise distortions resulting from capture, processing and transmission. Despite …

Contributors
Mounsef, Jinane, Karam, Lina, Papandreou-Suppapola, Antonia, et al.
Created Date
2018

Visual processing in social media platforms is a key step in gathering and understanding information in the era of Internet and big data. Online data is rich in content, but its processing faces many challenges including: varying scales for objects of interest, unreliable and/or missing labels, the inadequacy of single modal data and difficulty in analyzing high dimensional data. Towards facilitating the processing and understanding of online data, this dissertation primarily focuses on three challenges that I feel are of great practical importance: handling scale differences in computer vision tasks, such as facial component detection and face retrieval, developing efficient …

Contributors
Zhou, Xu, Li, Baoxin, Hsiao, Sharon, et al.
Created Date
2018