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ASU Electronic Theses and Dissertations


This collection includes most of the ASU Theses and Dissertations from 2011 to present. ASU Theses and Dissertations are available in downloadable PDF format; however, a small percentage of items are under embargo. Information about the dissertations/theses includes degree information, committee members, an abstract, supporting data or media.

In addition to the electronic theses found in the ASU Digital Repository, ASU Theses and Dissertations can be found in the ASU Library Catalog.

Dissertations and Theses granted by Arizona State University are archived and made available through a joint effort of the ASU Graduate College and the ASU Libraries. For more information or questions about this collection contact or visit the Digital Repository ETD Library Guide or contact the ASU Graduate College at gradformat@asu.edu.


Resource Type
  • Masters Thesis
Status
  • Public
Date Range
2010 2019


There is a growing interest in the creation of three-dimensional (3D) images and videos due to the growing demand for 3D visual media in commercial markets. A possible solution to produce 3D media files is to convert existing 2D images and videos to 3D. The 2D to 3D conversion methods that estimate the depth map from 2D scenes for 3D reconstruction present an efficient approach to save on the cost of the coding, transmission and storage of 3D visual media in practical applications. Various 2D to 3D conversion methods based on depth maps have been developed using existing image and …

Contributors
Li, Jinjin, Karam, Lina J, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, et al.
Created Date
2010

With the end of Dennard scaling and Moore's law, architects have moved towards heterogeneous designs consisting of specialized cores to achieve higher performance and energy efficiency for a target application domain. Applications of linear algebra are ubiquitous in the field of scientific computing, machine learning, statistics, etc. with matrix computations being fundamental to these linear algebra based solutions. Design of multiple dense (or sparse) matrix computation routines on the same platform is quite challenging. Added to the complexity is the fact that dense and sparse matrix computations have large differences in their storage and access patterns and are difficult to …

Contributors
Animesh, Saurabh, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, Brunhaver, John, et al.
Created Date
2018

Process variations have become increasingly important for scaled technologies starting at 45nm. The increased variations are primarily due to random dopant fluctuations, line-edge roughness and oxide thickness fluctuation. These variations greatly impact all aspects of circuit performance and pose a grand challenge to future robust IC design. To improve robustness, efficient methodology is required that considers effect of variations in the design flow. Analyzing timing variability of complex circuits with HSPICE simulations is very time consuming. This thesis proposes an analytical model to predict variability in CMOS circuits that is quick and accurate. There are several analytical models to estimate …

Contributors
Gummalla, Samatha, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, Cao, Yu, et al.
Created Date
2011

Speech recognition and keyword detection are becoming increasingly popular applications for mobile systems. While deep neural network (DNN) implementation of these systems have very good performance, they have large memory and compute resource requirements, making their implementation on a mobile device quite challenging. In this thesis, techniques to reduce the memory and computation cost of keyword detection and speech recognition networks (or DNNs) are presented. The first technique is based on representing all weights and biases by a small number of bits and mapping all nodal computations into fixed-point ones with minimal degradation in the accuracy. Experiments conducted on the …

Contributors
Arunachalam, Sairam, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, Seo, Jae-sun, et al.
Created Date
2016

Mobile platforms are becoming highly heterogeneous by combining a powerful multiprocessor system-on-chip (MpSoC) with numerous resources including display, memory, power management IC (PMIC), battery and wireless modems into a compact package. Furthermore, the MpSoC itself is a heterogeneous resource that integrates many processing elements such as CPU cores, GPU, video, image, and audio processors. As a result, optimization approaches targeting mobile computing needs to consider the platform at various levels of granularity. Platform energy consumption and responsiveness are two major considerations for mobile systems since they determine the battery life and user satisfaction, respectively. In this work, the models for …

Contributors
Gupta, Ujjwal, Ogras, Umit Y., Ozev, Sule, et al.
Created Date
2014

Historically, wireless communication devices have been developed to process one specific waveform. In contrast, a modern cellular phone supports multiple waveforms corresponding to LTE, WCDMA(3G) and 2G standards. The selection of the network is controlled by software running on a general purpose processor, not by the user. Now, instead of selecting from a set of complete radios as in software controlled radio, what if the software could select the building blocks based on the user needs. This is the new software-defined flexible radio which would enable users to construct wireless systems that fit their needs, rather than forcing to use …

Contributors
Chagari, Vamsi Reddy, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, Lee, Hyunseok, et al.
Created Date
2016

When one considers the current state of wireless communications, it becomes clear that it is both absolutely amazing and something of a mess. Present communications standards are the result of local optimizations over time that led to a confusing set of suboptimal and fragile wireless standards. Starting from a clean sheet of paper, Bliss Laboratory for Information, Signals, and Systems (BLISS) is considering a fluid set of communications standards co-optimized with flexible but power-efficient computational implementations that will enable the next revolution of wireless communications. The main aim is to enable much higher data rates and much lower data rates …

Contributors
Rupakula, Venkata Sai Karteek, Bliss, Daniel W, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, et al.
Created Date
2017

This thesis work present the simulation of Bluetooth and Wi-Fi radios in real life interference environments. When information is transmitted via communication channels, data may get corrupted due to noise and other channel discrepancies. In order to receive the information safely and correctly, error correction coding schemes are generally employed during the design of communication systems. Usually the simulations of wireless communication systems are done in such a way that they focus on some aspect of communications and neglect the others. The simulators available currently will either do network layer simulations or physical layer level simulations. In many situations, simulations …

Contributors
Nolastname, Ujjwala, Bliss, Daniel W., Chakrabarti, Chaitali, et al.
Created Date
2017

Stream computing has emerged as an importantmodel of computation for embedded system applications particularly in the multimedia and network processing domains. In recent past several programming languages and embedded multi-core processors have been proposed for streaming applications. This thesis examines the execution and dynamic scheduling of stream programs on embedded multi-core processors. The thesis addresses the problem in the context of a multi-tasking environment with a time varying allocation of processing elements for a particular streaming application. As a solution the thesis proposes a two step approach where the stream program is compiled to gather key application information, and to …

Contributors
Lee, Haeseung, Chatha, Karamvir, Vrudhula, Sarma, et al.
Created Date
2013

In this thesis, an adaptive waveform selection technique for dynamic target tracking under low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) conditions is investigated. The approach is integrated with a track-before-detect (TBD) algorithm and uses delay-Doppler matched filter (MF) outputs as raw measurements without setting any threshold for extracting delay-Doppler estimates. The particle filter (PF) Bayesian sequential estimation approach is used with the TBD algorithm (PF-TBD) to estimate the dynamic target state. A waveform-agile TBD technique is proposed that integrates the PF-TBD with a waveform selection technique. The new approach predicts the waveform to transmit at the next time step by minimizing the predicted …

Contributors
Piwowarski, Ryan, Papandreou-Suppappola, Antonia, Chakrabarti, Chaitali, et al.
Created Date
2011