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Disentangling the Directions of Influence among Trauma Exposure, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, and Alcohol and Drug Problems

Abstract The present study utilized longitudinal data from a high-risk community sample (n= 377; 166 trauma-exposed; 54% males; 52% children of alcoholics; 73% non-Hispanic/Latino Caucasian; 22% Hispanic/Latino; 5% other ethnicity) to test a series of hypotheses that may help explain the risk pathways that link traumatic stress, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology, and problematic alcohol and drug use. Specifically, this study examined whether pre-trauma substance use problems increase risk for trauma exposure (the high-risk hypothesis) or PTSD symptoms (the susceptibility hypothesis), whether PTSD symptoms increase risk for later alcohol/drug problems (the self-medication hypothesis), and whether the association between PTSD symptom... (more)
Created Date 2014
Contributor Haller, Moira (Author) / Chassin, Laurie (Advisor) / Davis, Mary (Committee member) / Piña, Armando (Committee member) / Tein, Jenn-Yun (Committee member) / Arizona State University (Publisher)
Subject Clinical psychology / Psychology / alcohol and drug problems / dual diagnosis / posttraumatic stress disorder / PTSD / self-medication / substance use disorders
Type Doctoral Dissertation
Extent 181 pages
Language English
Reuse Permissions All Rights Reserved
Note Ph.D. Psychology 2014
Collaborating Institutions Graduate College / ASU Library
Additional Formats MODS / OAI Dublin Core / RIS

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Description Dissertation/Thesis