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Kaikoku heidan 海國兵談

Description English Translation: Military strategies in sea battles and weaponry.
Created Date 1787/1791
Contributor Hayashi 林, Shihei 子平 (Author)
Extent 21 pages
Language Japanese
Identifier Local: The Melikian Collection L2011.008.071
Reuse Permissions All Rights Reserved
Note Originally self-published
Note Hand-drawn ink on paper,
Size: 10 1/16 x 7 3/16 in.
Note Hayashi Shihei (1738-1793), a samurai from Mutsu, originally went to Nagasaki in 1755 to study Dutch horsemanship (1). His visit to Nagasaki in 1777, however, was what prompted him to write Kaikoku heidan, an illustrated discourse on military strategies in sea battles and weaponry. A meeting with the head of the Dutch Trading Office gave Hayashi enough information to become concerned for Japan’s future and the government’s foreign policy.

Shihei had difficulty securing funds for printing, and it took him three years to finally complete the publication (2). It was originally self-published to avoid government censorship (3). Generally, self-published books, as well as manuscripts and books printed with movable type, were exempt fro... (more)
Collaborating Institutions ASU Art Museum / School of Art / ASU Library
Additional Formats MODS / OAI Dublin Core / RIS

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