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Dependence of Toxicity Test Results on Sample Removal Methods of PV Modules


Abstract The volume of end-of-life photovoltaic (PV) modules is increasing as the global PV market increases, and the global PV waste streams are expected to reach 250,000 metric tons by the end of 2020. If the recycling processes are not in place, there would be 60 million tons of end-of-life PV modules lying in the landfills by 2050, that may not become a not-so-sustainable way of sourcing energy since all PV modules could contain certain amount of toxic substances. Currently in the United States, PV modules are categorized as general waste and can be disposed in landfills. However, potential leaching of toxic chemicals and materials, if any, from broken end-of-life modules may pose health or environmental risks. There is no standard procedure to ... (more)
Created Date 2018
Contributor Leslie, Joswin (Author) / Tamizhmani, Govindasamy (Advisor) / Srinivasan, Devarajan (Committee member) / Kuitche, Joseph (Committee member) / Arizona State University (Publisher)
Subject Sustainability / Coring Approach / Laminate / Recycling of PV Modules / Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) / Unbiased Sampling Approach / Variability of TCLP results
Type Masters Thesis
Extent 89 pages
Language English
Copyright
Note Masters Thesis Engineering 2018
Collaborating Institutions Graduate College / ASU Library
Additional Formats MODS / OAI Dublin Core / RIS


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Description Dissertation/Thesis