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Anomalous Chiral Plasmas in the Hydrodynamic Regime


Abstract Chiral symmetry and its anomalous and spontaneous breaking play an important role

in particle physics, where it explains the origin of pion and hadron mass hierarchy

among other things.

Despite its microscopic origin chirality may also lead to observable effects

in macroscopic physical systems -- relativistic plasmas made of chiral

(spin-$\frac{1}{2}$) particles.

Such plasmas are called \textit{chiral}.

The effects include non-dissipative currents in external fields that could be present

even in quasi-equilibrium, such as the chiral magnetic (CME) and separation (CSE)

effects, as well as a number of inherently chiral collective modes

called the chiral magnetic (CMW) and vortical (CVW) waves.

Applications of chiral plasmas ... (more)
Created Date 2019
Contributor Rybalka, Denys (Author) / Shovkovy, Igor (Advisor) / Lunardini, Cecilia (Committee member) / Timmes, Francis (Committee member) / Vachaspati, Tanmay (Committee member) / Arizona State University (Publisher)
Subject Theoretical physics / Plasma physics / Nuclear physics and radiation / Anomaly / Chiral / Collective modes / Hydrodynamics / Plasma / Vorticity
Type Doctoral Dissertation
Extent 124 pages
Language English
Copyright
Note Doctoral Dissertation Physics 2019
Collaborating Institutions Graduate College / ASU Library
Additional Formats MODS / OAI Dublin Core / RIS


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Description Dissertation/Thesis