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Economic Development and Reproduction: Understanding the Role of Market Opportunities in Shaping Fertility Variation


Abstract Evolutionary and economic theories of fertility variation argue that novel subsistence opportunities associated with market economies shape reproduction in ways that both increase parental investment per child and lower overall fertility. I use demographic and ethnographic data from Guatemala as a case study to illustrate how ethnic inequalities in accessing market opportunities have shaped demographic variation and the perceptions of parental investments. I then discuss two projects that use secondary data sets to address issues of conceptualizing and operationalizing market opportunities in national and cross-population comparative work. The first argues that social relationships are critical means of accessing market opportunities, and ... (more)
Created Date 2019
Contributor Hackman, Joseph Victor (Author) / Hruschka, Daniel J (Advisor) / Maupin, Jonathan (Committee member) / Hill, Kim (Committee member) / Arizona State University (Publisher)
Subject Demography / Cultural anthropology / Demographic Transition / Embodied Capital / Evolutionary Anthropology / Fertility Decline / Guatemala / Human Capital
Type Doctoral Dissertation
Extent 148 pages
Language English
Copyright
Note Doctoral Dissertation Anthropology 2019
Collaborating Institutions Graduate College / ASU Library
Additional Formats MODS / OAI Dublin Core / RIS


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Description Dissertation/Thesis