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Evaluating the Effects of Ankle-Foot-Orthoses, Functional Electrical Stimulators, and Trip-specific Training on Fall Outcomes in Individuals with Stroke


Abstract This dissertation aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and drawbacks of promising fall prevention strategies in individuals with stroke by rigorously analyzing the biomechanics of laboratory falls and compensatory movements required to prevent a fall. Ankle-foot-orthoses (AFOs) and functional electrical stimulators (FESs) are commonly prescribed to treat foot drop. Despite well-established positive impacts of AFOs and FES devices on balance and gait, AFO and FES users fall at a high rate. In chapter 2 (as a preliminary study), solely mechanical impacts of a semi-rigid AFO on the compensatory stepping response of young healthy individuals following trip-like treadmill perturbations were evaluated. It was found that a semi-rigid AFO on the ste... (more)
Created Date 2019
Contributor Nevisipour, Masood (Author) / Honeycutt, Claire (Advisor) / Sugar, Thomas (Advisor) / Artemiadis, Panagiotis (Committee member) / Abbas, James (Committee member) / Lee, Hyunglae (Committee member) / Arizona State University (Publisher)
Subject Biomechanics / Mechanical engineering / Biomedical engineering / Balance / Biomechanics / Fall prevention / Orthotics / Stroke / Training interventions
Type Doctoral Dissertation
Extent 109 pages
Language English
Copyright
Note Doctoral Dissertation Mechanical Engineering 2019
Collaborating Institutions Graduate College / ASU Library
Additional Formats MODS / OAI Dublin Core / RIS


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Description Dissertation/Thesis