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Cultures of Collection in Late Nineteenth Century American Natural History


Abstract Natural history is, and was, dependent upon the collection of specimens. In the nineteenth century, American naturalists and institutions of natural history cultivated and maintained extensive collection networks comprised of numerous collectors that provided objects of natural history for study. Effective networks were collaborative in nature, with naturalists such as Spencer Baird of the Smithsonian trading their time and expertise for specimens. The incorporation of Darwinian and Neo-Lamarckian evolutionary theory into natural history in the middle of the century led to dramatic changes in the relationship between naturalists and collectors, as naturalists sought to reconcile their observations within the new evolutionary context. This d... (more)
Created Date 2011
Contributor Laubacher, Matthew Dominick (Author) / Green, Monica (Advisor) / Laubichler, Manfred (Advisor) / Wright, Johnson Kent (Committee member) / Arizona State University (Publisher)
Subject History of Science / American History / Systematic biology / Biogeography / Collector / Correspondence Networks / Natural History / Naturalist
Type Doctoral Dissertation
Extent 361 pages
Language English
Copyright
Reuse Permissions All Rights Reserved
Note Ph.D. History 2011
Collaborating Institutions Graduate College / ASU Library
Additional Formats MODS / OAI Dublin Core / RIS


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Description Dissertation/Thesis