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The Effects of Scarcity and Self-Esteem on the Experience of Envy

Abstract Envy may be an emotion shaped by evolution to resolve large resource disparities in zero-sum ancestral environments. Previous research has found evidence for two types of envy: benign envy, which drives greater effort and self-improvement; and malicious envy, which drives hostility toward the better-off target. We predicted that perceived resource scarcity would stoke either type, moderated by individual differences. Specifically, we predicted that high self-esteem would steer people toward benign envy and self-improvement, whereas narcissism would spark malicious envy. After completing the Rosenberg self-esteem scale and the Narcissism Personality Inventory (NPI-16), participants were randomly assigned to either read an article detailing s... (more)
Created Date 2011
Contributor Duarte, Jose Leopoldo (Author) / Shiota, Michelle N (Advisor) / Kwan, Sau Y (Committee member) / Kenrick, Douglas (Committee member) / Arizona State University (Publisher)
Subject Psychology / envy / narcissism / self-esteem
Type Masters Thesis
Extent 37 pages
Language English
Reuse Permissions All Rights Reserved
Note M.A. Psychology 2011
Collaborating Institutions Graduate College / ASU Library
Additional Formats MODS / OAI Dublin Core / RIS

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Description Dissertation/Thesis